Chemistry is a branch of science that has been around for a long time. Chemistry is dated back as far as prehistoric times. Chemistry has been around for so long that scientist have put it in 4 general chronological categories. These four categories are prehistoric, beginning of the christian era, end of 17th century(alchemy) traditional chemistry and modern chemistry. Some of the very first recorded chemist where men like democritus and aristole. These men where alive in the B.C era and have a lot of influence on how we do modern chemistry today. Starting with Democritus the man who claimed that the atom is the simplest unit of matter. Democritus of ancient greece asked the question could matter be divided into smaller and smaller pieces forever or was there a limit to the number of times a piece of matter could be divided?
Democritus had a theory that it would eventually get to small to cut anymore. This piece would be unable to split anymore. He named this indivivsible matter atomos. To Democritus of Greece, atoms were small, hard particles that were all made of the same material but were different shapes and sizes. He said that they were always moving and capable of being joined together. Aristole of ancient greece added to the theory by declaring the existence of our only four elements: Fire, air, water and earth. All matter is made up of one of these four elements and matter is made up of these four elements and matter had four properties: hot, cold, dry, and wet. Aristotle was born in Stagira in north Greece, the son of Nichomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian royal family. He first studied medicine but was later sent to athens and became a philosophiest under a man named plato.
Alchemy is what became the new intrest of chemist during the era known as the dark ages. In short alchemy is transmuting the base of metals into the noble ones. This idea of transmuting is said to have arose from the the Alexandrian Greeks in the early centuries of the Christian era; thence it passed to the arabs, by whom it was transmitted to western Europe. No one truly knows where alchemy really originated from. Some say the egyptian god Hermes(thoth), the reputed inventor of the arts and sciences, to whom, under the appelation Hermes Trismegistus, Tetullian refers as the master of those who occupy themselves with nature. The alchemy age caused gold to become very valuable and some people even wanted to use alchemy to make an Elixer of Life. In the end both of these ended as failures no magical cold potion was ever made and no Elixer of Life was made.
By the end of the 17th century aristotle's four-elements theory was disproved and became old news. A man named Robert Boyle wrote a book named The Skeptical Chemist. It helped Destroy this early form of chemistry. Robert Boyle is most recognized for the Boyle's Law. Boyle's Law states that the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume. Boyle's law is...