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The Key Minds That Made Chemistry

1019 words - 5 pages

When was Chemistry invented so to speak? Well the answer is that no one truly knows the exact date. It was thought be discovered around the time of 3,000 B.C., but was considered more of an art at the time rather than a science. Anyway the history of Chemistry is long and has no end in sight, so rather than try and fit that in a paper let’s discuss some of the key minds that made Chemistry what it is today.
Lets start with Joseph Gay-Lussac; he was a French physicist that was born in 1778. In 1801 he did a study, which resulted in the publication of what is today called “Charles Law.” The reason for the law being named after Charles and not Joseph is due to the fact that Jacques Charles originally came up with this theory 15 years before Joseph Lussac, but didn’t publish it. Joseph was particularly proud of what he calls his greatest achievement, which is now referred to as Gay-Lussac’s Law. This law states that “gases at constant temperature and pressure combine in simple numerical proportions by volume, and the resulting product or products—if gases—also bear a simple proportion by volume to the volumes of the reactants.” The last noteworthy thing he was responsible for is his contribution to the finding of the element Boron. Which now plays a big part in chemistry classes around the world today.
The second chemist I would like to discuss is Jons Berzelius, who was born in 1779 in Sweden. This was the man who invented the technique of chemical formula notation. Which played a huge part in our classroom lately. Jons was very successful electrochemist, who was rivaled by Humphry Davy, yet it doesn’t seem like much of a rivalry since Jons was much more systematic about accomplishing his experiments. Another huge discovery he mad was the law of constant proportions, which states “the elements in inorganic substances are bound together in definite proportions by weight.” What makes this discovery interesting is that he came about this while doing experiments in an effort to put together a textbook for his students. Jons is also responsible for the symbols we use to express a element in todays day, not to mention he and the scientists below him have discovered multiple elements such as cerium and thorium. Berzelius was not a man of one talent though; he also applied his skills to mineralogy, where he classified minerals by the chemical composition. What made this man who he was, was based on his synthesis threw the process of dualism, which is a line of thinking that can be traced back to his or Davy’s original electrochemical investigation. All in all this man made a huge contribution to the history of chemistry and what we use in todays day and time.
The third chemist I want to refer to be Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, the man who charted the first periodic table. Although it had undergone many modifications it...

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