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History Of Chemistry: The Advantages Of The X Ray

892 words - 4 pages

Every day, scientists are always looking into how to make technologies better. Inventions from the past have been innovated to work better, and faster than they have ever been before making things easier and quick to discover and work on. One of these inventions has been the X-ray. It was first discovered in 1895 by a German physics professor, Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, who performed the first human X-ray on his wife’s hand. The X-ray has been around for a while now, and a plethora of changes have been made for the X-ray to work its best. The X-ray has brought many advantages into the medical field and has help save many lives.
Before the discovery of the X-ray many things were impossible to doctors, and scientists. When someone was hurt, for instance broken a bone, the doctor had to go in blind basically to find the almost exact location of the broken bone, and attempt to fix It. Doctors had to use physical examinations and their own guess to determine what they were looking for. A physical examination is simply looking at the body, feeling the body, listening to sounds the body makes, and usually tapping on the body to see what sound it produces. In the past, doctors could only use these methods to figure out where a broken bone was located, or a tumor, or even a bullet. Of course, theses examinations were not free no the patient, they had to pay. Life before the X-ray was un-imaginable, and the invention has helped people since then.
Even though the X-ray can have many advantages, it can also have disadvantages that limit its use. If exposed to long, or to too strong rays a process called ionizing radiation can happen. In this process any living tissues in a human body can be damage; because ionizing radiation (with enough sufficient energy) will take away electrons from the atoms in the body initially creating two charged ions. Exposure to rays can cause the following: changes in blood chemistry, nausea, fatigue, vomiting, hair loss, diarrhea, hemorrhage, destruction of intestinal lining, internal bleeding, damage to central nervous system, loss of consciousness, cancer and even death. These health risks limit doctors/scientists to not expose the body to long or in to strong of rays. Therefore, the X-ray is a great invention however it has limitations
In our society you see the X-ray everywhere even if you don’t realize, and most likely you have been x-rayed. For...

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