Chemistry has been around since the earth was created, a time when computers, televisions, or simple beakers weren’t invented yet. Chemistry was always around, but it wasn’t considered a science until modern chemistry was discovered. Modern chemistry has only been around for centuries, where author Robert Boyle published The Skeptical Chemist in 1661. Soon after Robert’s publication, Antoine Lavoisier developed the law of conservation of mass, and that was the start of modern chemistry being considered a science. After this, chemistry was changed forever.
Starting in the prehistoric era, chemistry was used at first to explain religious things, like known metals were compared to heavenly bodies. 1,330 years later Democritus said that the atom was the simplest of all matter, a statement that was the first in its kind when dealing with matter. One hundred and thirty years later, Aristotle declares the existence of the four elements, fire, water, air, and earth. He also said matter had four properties, hot, cold, dry, and wet. All these things happened in the time between the Prehistoric times, and the Beginning of the Christian Era. Chemistry was considered black magic in this time period.
Soon after alchemy was used, which was using science methods to turn ordinary metals to gold. The start of alchemy happened when alchemists, using influence from Aristotle, attempted to change cheap metals to gold, something that was an unheard of idea at the time, and they used something called a Philosopher’s Stone to do. Pope John XXII soon after issued an order saying that gold making was forbidden, but that didn’t stop the gold makers. The gold makers continued to try to create gold from simple and known metals, and they had no success doing so and it never worked during this time period. They also tried to use chemistry to develop a potion to cure disease, and also used it to extend life. This also never happened in this time period. Soon after the failed attempts of both, changing simple metals into gold, and trying to create the elixir of life, alchemy failed. This was the end of alchemy in that time period as they knew it, with the disproving of Aristotle’s four element statement, and the publication of The Skeptical Chemist destroyed the thought of alchemy as a form of chemistry, and then Modern Chemistry began.
After the publication of the Skeptical Chemist, Johann J. Beecher, thought phlogiston was a substance that that when something was burned, it was added from the air to the flame of the object that was burning. He also thought in certain substances, that a product was produced, and this was called the Phlogiston Theory. Then, Charles Coulomb discovered that given two charged particles, when they are separated by a certain distance, that the force either pulled them together, or separated them depending on whether they were negative or positive. Then Antoine Lavoisier discovered that the Phlogiston Theory was incorrect, and he disproved it by...