Chemistry is everywhere in the world we live in, including the food we eat, the liquids we drink, and even the vehicles we drive in. Chemistry is one of the many and important branches of science. Chemistry is very important to our lives each and every day. How was chemistry developed? Who were the people that contributed to chemistry? Chemistry has come a long way since prehistoric times. Chemistry has had a long and electrifying history.
The first known existence of chemistry is during King Hammurabi’s reign over Babylon. This happened around 1700 BC. During that time known metals were recorded and listed in conjunction with heavenly bodies. Then in 430 BC, Democritus of ancient Greece had an encounter with chemistry. He proclaimed the atom to be the simplest unit of matter, and that all matter was composed of atoms. Then in 300 BC, Aristotle of ancient Greece declared the existence of only four elements: fire, air, water, and earth. He believed that all matter was made up of four properties: hot, cold, dry, and wet. Before chemistry was discovered and invented, the technology and science of society back then was very poor. If chemistry was never invented then today’s society wouldn’t be the same.
Later, during the 300 BC-300AD time period, there were the Advent of Alchemists. The Advent of Alchemists were influenced greatly by Aristotle’s ideas. The alchemists attempted to transmute cheap metals to gold. The substance used for this was called the “Philosopher’s Stone”. Although Pope John XXII issued an edict against gold-making, the gold business continued. Despite the alchemists' efforts, transmutation of cheap metals to gold never happened within this time period. The Alchemists not only wanted to convert metals to gold, but they also wanted to find a chemical concoction that would enable people to live longer and cure all ailments. This would be called the “elixir of life”. This would never be found either. Natural resources play a big role in chemistry. It advances chemistry by the opportunity to create and discover more and more elements throughout our world.
The downfall of alchemy came at the end of the 17th century. The disproving of Aristotle's four-elements theory and the publishing of the book, The Skeptical Chemist (by Robert Boyle), combined to destroy this early form of chemistry. In the 1700s a theory and a law came about. The theory was the Phlogiston Theory. It was based off a substance that Johann J. Beecher believed in. He believed that when a substance is burned, phlogiston was supposedly added from the air to the flame of the burning object. In some substances, a product is produced. The law was Coulomb's Law. It was created after Charles Coulomb discovered that given two particles separated by a certain distance, the force of attraction or repulsion is directly proportional to the product of the two charges and is inversely proportional to the distance between the two charges. After,...