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History Of Chemistry Essay

1021 words - 5 pages

Chemistry has been around for a long time, it all started in ancient history. They didn’t have technology as we do today. In ancient history the earliest record metal employed by humans seems to be gold, it was found in Spanish caves in the late paleolithic period c.40,000 B.C. Egyptian weapons were made meteoric iron in 3000 B.C. They were classified as daggers from heaven, the first chemical reaction that was used in a controlled manner was fire; Also it was fire that led to the discovery of glass and the purification of metals. In 1605 Francis Bacon published the proficience and advancement of learning which would be later known is scientific method. In 1615 Jean Beguin publish Tyrocinium Chymicium an early chemistry textbook, and it drew the first ever chemical equation. Also in 1637 Rene 144 Des cartes published Discours de la method which contained a outline of the scientific method. In 1648 Robert Boyle wrote a book about the 2 different types of chemistry Alchemy and Chemistry. He also established the law conservation of mass, but Boyle is known today as the first modern chemist. Later on down the chemistry timeline in 1751 Cronstedt was one of the founders of schelite but he named it Tungsten which means heavy stone in Swedish. In 1754 Scottish Chemist Joseph Black isolated carbon dioxide which he called fixed air. Also in 1758 Joseph Black formulated the concept of latent heat to explain thermo chemistry of phase changes. In 1766 Chemist Henry Cavendish isolated hydrogen which he called inflammable air. Cavendish discovered hydrogen as a corlorless, odorless gas which burns and can also form a mixture with air, and published a paper on the production of water by burning inflammable air. In 1773 Swedish chemist discovered oxygen which he called fire air, but didn’t immediately publish his achievement. In 1774 English chemist Joseph Priestly independently isolated oxygen in its gaseous state calling it Dephlogisticated air, and published his work before Scheele. When priestly was at the top of his game he invented soda water and he also discovered gases. Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovered a new acid in 1781 from Cronstedts Scheelite. In 1789 Lavoisier established the law of conservation of mass . Berthollet produced a bleaching liquid in 1789. In Lavoisier (Elementary) Treatise of chemistry, 1789 was the fist modern chemical textbook, and the new theories. In 1800 Volta created the first electrical battery to produce battery. Volta is also the founder of electrochemistry. In 1802 , French American Chemist Eleuthere Irenee du Port who learned how to make gun powder and explosives under Antoine Lavoisier. The French revolution forced him and his family to move to the US where he started a gun powder mill.He grew into one of the moost successful comppanoes in the US. Throughout this century chemistry ended up being divided up into those who follow the atomic theory of John Dalton and those who didn’t. In 1803 chemist John Dalton proposed...

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