This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

H Istory Of Cocaine Essay

1552 words - 7 pages

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience on the history of cocaine, current prevalence rates and health effects among other issues.
1.0 Introduction
A. Attention Material: Cocaine is mostly known as an illegal drug, but very few truly acknowledge it for its medical purposes and fully understand its history in the country. Cocaine is a tropane ester alkaloid ,which is extracted from the leaves of the coca (Erythroxylon coca) plant (Clayton, 1996). Cocaine is considered the most powerful and most dangerous drug of natural origin. Cocaine is illegal in the United States and is classified under the Schedule II medication which is contained in the Controlled Substance Act of the United States Constitution.
B. Tier to the Audience: It comes as no surprise that every one of you might have come in contact with cocaine; whether you knew it or not. Cocaine is consumed in large amounts in the country and the increased market for the illegal substance as pushed for supply from cocaine growing states.
C. Credibility material: Its intake results in adverse medical conditions that are further exalted by its addiction properties that ensure a continued intake of the substance. The drug can be abused through multiple means and is medically recorded to produce short-term joy, energy , and other effects such as increased heart rate and blood pressure. This ultimately results in numerous psychiatric and social problems; factors that played a major role in its illegalization after multiple and widespread cases of its effects were reported in the country during the 1900s. In addition to this, the drug results in immediate euphoric effect, a property which the National Institute of Drug Abuse (2010) attributes to be the root cause for its increased popularity during the mid-1980s.
D. Preview: Granted the numerous effects and widespread use of cocaine in the country, I will review the history of cocaine use in the country, as well as state the prevalence rates in terms of regions and then the health effects of abusing the drug.
[Transition: in understanding the state of cocaine in the country, it is key to have knowledge on the history of the drug and the factors that led to its current widespread abuse.]
2.0 Body
2.1 History of Cocaine in the United States
1. Cocaine naturally grew on the Andean highlands of South America and the natives around the region chewed the leaves to relieve exhaustion as well as for religious purposes due to its joyful and energizing effects. It should, however, be noted that unlike the present processed cocaine common in powder form, the natural leaves do not exhibit similar types of extreme effects due to variance in the level of concentration (Grinspoon & Bakalar, 1981).
2. In 1862, German chemist Albert Niemann identified the unique stimulant properties of the plant and extracted cocaine hydrochloride from the coca plant. This soon led to multiple anaesthetic uses by physicians all over Europe , including the United States where it...

Find Another Essay On HIstory of Cocaine

Cocaine and American Culture Essay

1880 words - 8 pages most famous psychiatrist in history, and a cocaine enthusiast, felt that psychiatrists had many drugs that sedate patients, but very little that stimulated. However, no drugs were available that could increase the functioning of nerve centers. Cocaine was the answer to his problem. Freud believed with the right implication, cocaine could treat nervous disease. Freud also urged its adoption in the treatment of hysteria, hypochondria, and melancholy

Facts On Cocaine Essay

2688 words - 11 pages we can now grasp. It may be higher than the rapturous transports of the most euphoric coke-binge in paleo-human history. In the meantime, a drug which induces a secular parody of Heaven commonly leads the user into a biological counterpart of Hell. When Is It Best To Take Crack Cocaine? As a rule of thumb, it is profoundly unwise to take crack-cocaine. The brain has evolved a truly vicious set of negative feedback mechanisms. Their functional

Cocaine

760 words - 3 pages Cocaine is a highly addictive and dangerous stimulant drug derived from the leaves of the coca bush, a plant that grows mainly in Peru and Boliva. Because it's a stimulant in the drug, when in the bloodstream, it heightens alertness, increases appetite, and causes insomnia and a feeling of pleasure. Although cocaine is mostly referred to as crack, it's also called coke, base or freebase.The native people of the Andes Mountains first used the

Cocaine

798 words - 3 pages that drug use is not new. Today this problem threatens all of our society. One of the most deadly of these abused drugs is the narcotic cocaine. This report will talk about what cocaine is, what it does to the human body, and two fantastic people who gave their lives because of it.Today, over 5 million people use cocaine each month. Each day, 3,000 people try cocaine for the first time.[2] Cocaine is a white powder made from the leaves of the cocoa

Cocaine

395 words - 2 pages There are lots of kinds of drugs in the world. One of the most popular is Cocaine.Indians have been chewing coca leaves for over five thousand years. The most popular drink in the world Coca Cola was introduced in America in 1885 and it contained Caffeine and Cocaine. The Cocaine was removed only in 1906.Cocaine is a most powerful natural stimulant (usually as a white powder). There are many names for cocaine and it's derivatives like crack

cocaine

774 words - 3 pages such a vomiting, this may be considered as illegal drugs. There are various types of drugs, such as heroin, marijuana, cocaine and alcohol etc.Drugs AddictionThis is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain. One

Prenatal Effects of Cocaine Exposure

1710 words - 7 pages In the past it had been thought that prenatal cocaine exposure has severely harmful effects on all aspects of mental functioning, however, recent studies have shown that this exposure does not have as bleak and far reaching negative effects as was previously thought. Recently researchers have pinpointed certain aspects of mental functioning which seem to be altered by this prenatal exposure. One of these mental areas is that of selective

The Effects of Prenatal Cocaine-Exposure On Cognitive Development

1667 words - 7 pages language problems) (Berk, 2003). Cocaine affects the child subtly but significantly because of what the drug does to the body of both the mother and the growing fetus.      Cocaine is an illegal drug that can be either smoked in a crack form, or inhaled in a powder form. According to Charles F. Levinthal, cocaine is a stimulant that increases the production of dopamine in the brain. Along with the desired feeling

Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine

2056 words - 8 pages Adolescent Black Males and Their Entanglement With Crack Cocaine This research proposal will explore the dependent factors that determine why impoverished adolescent Black Males turn to crack cocaine as a means of survival. Survival is defined as, the act of or facts of surviving, especially under adverse or unusual circumstances. Generally, Black Adolescent males engage themselves in crack cocaine by way of dealing or trafficking. This

Cocaine Facts

822 words - 3 pages Cocaine Facts Crack Crack is actually a less pure sort of free-base cocaine. Unlike old-fashioned free-base, however, its production doesn't involve any flammable solvents.  Crack is usually made by mixing two parts of cocaine hydrochloride with one part baking soda in about 20 ml of water. The solution is then heated gently until white precipitate form. Heating is halted when precipitation stops. The precipitate is filtered and

cocaine production

1827 words - 7 pages Cocaine Production in Columbia Columbia is the largest coca producing country in the world. Over 70% of our nation’s cocaine is produced and manufactured in Columbia (“battles won” 1). The cocaine production in Columbia is different than the rest of the Andean countries because it is grown on plots of land that are gigantic, whereas in Peru and Bolivia coca is grown on small plots of land. Cocaine producing plants are poor farmer’s biggest

Similar Essays

Cocaine Essay

1511 words - 6 pages , and even death. "Even the most in shape athlete could die from one use (Bayer 26)." The history of coca leaves began hundreds of years ago in South America. The Indians of Peru and Bolivia "chewed" coca leaves so that they could work hard in high altitudes and need little food. It was not until the late 1700's that the coca plant was brought to Europe, and cocaine was not actually created until 1855 when a German chemist named Albert

Cocaine Essay

2171 words - 9 pages Cocaine First of all this research paper will examine the history of cocaine, answer exactly who used it, effects of the drug and its addictive nature. People choose to write about cocaine so that others can clearly see and understand its historical origins and dangerous properties. Those who experiment with drugs should become aware of their dangerous effects and take caution. The more people that become knowledgeable about cocaine, the

Cocaine Verus Crack Cocaine Essay

2092 words - 9 pages to yellowish to a light brown. Crack cocaine in its purest form is an off-white solid with jagged edges. This paper is going to compare the history, administration, effects, and legal aspects of cocaine and crack cocaine. Cocaine can be administered in multiple ways, whereas crack cocaine only has one administration method. Cocaine has four main routes of administration. They are orally, injection, intranasal and inhalation. When cocaine is taken

Crack And Cocaine Essay

816 words - 4 pages distribution world. In the Early 80’s crack was more appealing to the addicts in the nation. Crack initially was sold a higher purity then cocaine. The fact that the cocaine was sold as a higher purity than cocaine meant that more people would buy crack over cocaine. The prices of crack in 1981 were as low as 2.50 to 100 dollars per gram, this meant weather you where rich or poor you could afford this drug. At this point in history crack was as