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H Istory Of Cocaine Essay

1552 words - 7 pages

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience on the history of cocaine, current prevalence rates and health effects among other issues.
1.0 Introduction
A. Attention Material: Cocaine is mostly known as an illegal drug, but very few truly acknowledge it for its medical purposes and fully understand its history in the country. Cocaine is a tropane ester alkaloid ,which is extracted from the leaves of the coca (Erythroxylon coca) plant (Clayton, 1996). Cocaine is considered the most powerful and most dangerous drug of natural origin. Cocaine is illegal in the United States and is classified under the Schedule II medication which is contained in the Controlled Substance Act of the United States Constitution.
B. Tier to the Audience: It comes as no surprise that every one of you might have come in contact with cocaine; whether you knew it or not. Cocaine is consumed in large amounts in the country and the increased market for the illegal substance as pushed for supply from cocaine growing states.
C. Credibility material: Its intake results in adverse medical conditions that are further exalted by its addiction properties that ensure a continued intake of the substance. The drug can be abused through multiple means and is medically recorded to produce short-term joy, energy , and other effects such as increased heart rate and blood pressure. This ultimately results in numerous psychiatric and social problems; factors that played a major role in its illegalization after multiple and widespread cases of its effects were reported in the country during the 1900s. In addition to this, the drug results in immediate euphoric effect, a property which the National Institute of Drug Abuse (2010) attributes to be the root cause for its increased popularity during the mid-1980s.
D. Preview: Granted the numerous effects and widespread use of cocaine in the country, I will review the history of cocaine use in the country, as well as state the prevalence rates in terms of regions and then the health effects of abusing the drug.
[Transition: in understanding the state of cocaine in the country, it is key to have knowledge on the history of the drug and the factors that led to its current widespread abuse.]
2.0 Body
2.1 History of Cocaine in the United States
1. Cocaine naturally grew on the Andean highlands of South America and the natives around the region chewed the leaves to relieve exhaustion as well as for religious purposes due to its joyful and energizing effects. It should, however, be noted that unlike the present processed cocaine common in powder form, the natural leaves do not exhibit similar types of extreme effects due to variance in the level of concentration (Grinspoon & Bakalar, 1981).
2. In 1862, German chemist Albert Niemann identified the unique stimulant properties of the plant and extracted cocaine hydrochloride from the coca plant. This soon led to multiple anaesthetic uses by physicians all over Europe , including the United States where it...

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