For what reasons, and with what consequences, has Britain sought to position itself between Europe and America in this period?
To understand the relationship today between America and the UK, and this with Europe, we must first begin to understand where it all began. European hegemony of the nineteenth century was due mainly to Great Britain who was able to establish its power in global trade. At first the European countries represented a great power, new advances in new forms of trade, which emerged in Britain and later developed in the rest of the world, gave to Britain and Europe in general a place countries favoured over other economies. The increasing specialization of the British economy was clearly reflected in the rapid increase in the importance of the foreign trade for the country.
In 1880 the possession of the industrial, manufacture and export of machinery index of power represented, including England, Germany and the U.S. were the main exporters. These three countries increased their power through a monopoly until the First World War broke out. And in 1913 changed the order of importance of nations to be Germany, the United States and Britain. After the war, England had achieved its objectives, the elimination of Germany, the liquidation of its colonial possessions and the expansion of the English colonies. But despite the victory, England was weakened by the war. Political consequences of the First World War also affected the entire European continent, and even the United States, which entered into crisis.
At the end of World War I, Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States introduced its 14 points on which rested the terms of peace. He also established the League of Nations to prevent any conflict between the European countries, but the agency failed in 1939 when he returned to pop the Second World War, World War II. As a corollary to the First World War, the United Kingdom supported the proposal to create the League of Nations. In 1931, the creation of the Commonwealth of Nations (Commonwealth), the Statute of Westminster, was the recognition of the independence of Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
On 3 September 1939, two days after the German attack on Poland, England declared war on Germany, beginning their participation in the Second World War (1939-1945). In May 1940 he formed a coalition cabinet headed by Winston Churchill. From 1939 to 1941 the major belligerents were Britain and France on the one hand and, on the other hand, Germany and Italy, the latter since 1940. As partners under the Nazis took Hungary, Romania,...