he arise of film was a breakthrough like no other. The thought of a series of pictures moving rapidly on a big white screen was just awe-inspiring. But every movie needed a creator, and someone to preside over the movie and to share their thoughts, ideas and dreams. The director was born and a whole new type of sophisticated film came with it. As movies continued to grow more complex a lot of weight was put on directors shoulders. These rights and responsibilities were bound to happen in time, and are somewhat complicated. But before we get to that, lets see the history of film making.
In 1829 Joseph Antoine Ferdinand Plateau created the Phenakistiscope. This is the small toy found in kids meals at fast food restaurants.
In 1889 William Kennedy and Laurie Dickson create the Kinetophonograph when working for/with Thomas Alva Edison. Although most believe it was Will and Laurie who created the machine, some believe Thomas Edison did it by himself.
In 1894 Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas Lumi`ere and Louis Jean Lumi`ere built the Cinematographe. A new portable camera operated by crank.
In 1896 the first audience paying movie showing to the public takes place in New York on April, 23. Edison shows off his new Vitascope. Also French producer-director Alice Guy (1873-1968), the worlds first woman filmmaker, displays her film “The Cabbage Fairy.” at the International Exhibition in Paris. Some say this was the first fictional film created.
In 1902 “A Trip to the Moon.” is shot, being the first movie with significant use of both narrative and special effects.
In1903 Edwin S. Porter shoots “The Great Train Robbery.”, which features the famous scene of a train chugging towards the camera which leaves the audience to believe that the train is actually coming off the screen towards them. Some viewers jumped out of their seat and towards the doors!
In 1915 an American director, Julia Crawford Ivers, becomes the first woman to be a general manager of an official Hollywood studio. Also, American Viola Lawrence (d. 1973), was considered to be the first female editor in film. Lois Weber (1882-1939), was the first profitable American woman filmmaker. She becomes the highest-paid director at Universal with a salary of $5,000 per week.
In 1917 the Technicolor Corporation is created in the United States and begins experimenting with color film which at the time, was like tampering with a nuclear reactor.
In the 1920s the Golden Age of Comedy begins and everyone gets a little less classy.
In 1926 Lotte Reiniger a German-born British filmmaker (1899-1981) lets out the first full-length animated film “The Adventures of Prince Achmed.” He worked in Germany and using silhouette figures made out of cardboard, tin, and paper.
In 1928 the first all-talking film, “The Lights of New York.”, is released to the public.
In 1930 the Studio Era (1930-1945) begins in Hollywood. Also the Era of the French Film (1930-1940) begins to cut through the nation. In the...