Free software is designated software’s that provides users liberation and freedom of use. Open source softwares are free softwares which are designed by developers to be distributed free of cost for the benefit of community. These softwares also provide the code with which the user can modify and distribute the software under the same license.
In order to understand about the freeware and how it started we need to start from beginning . In the era of 50 and 60 almost all the softwares along with the source code was freely available with computer so people can change them according to their need. In those days computer companies make free software to increase the hardware sale.
When company called IBM (International business machine) started selling computers in the 1960s which was one of the first computer machines, they introduced some free software. These softwares were easy to modify and can be shared among different users. After some time IBM gain more success in the Community by launching some software which were written in an assembly language named as “Cobol”. (R.W.Bemer)
Computer was too expensive in earlier days to run single tasks at a time. So companies start working on such programs so that computer can able to work on multiple things at a time.MIT computer lab start working on it and developed a new system called “CTSS( compatible time sharing system)”.This System has the ability to connect 30 users together at a time with modem .
In early 70 a well know programmer named Ken Thompson who worked in bell laboratories (famous for Research work) developed an operating system called “UNICS (Uniplexed information and computing services)” and was later named as UNIX.UNIX is also one of the operating system that was developed under the same objective of offering free softwares and Operating systems with its abilities to support analogue to DOS file conversion along with ease of use for multiple clients .AT&T distributed earlier versions of UNIX in 1970 without any cost to government and educational departments. In no time many businesses and institutes started using UNIX in United sates and as Australia and England started using it, in 1976 university of Tokyo introduced UNIX to JAPAN. For sharing information or transfer of data, tapes and disks were used which was time consuming methods. In the late 1970 E-mail was introduced so data can be electronically transferred which is much faster way as compared to physical data transfer.
In 1980s computer vendors started changing the face of software by marketing them as program products and imposing legal restriction through copyrights and leasing contracts. User groups like Digital Equipment corporation (DEC) were formed to help exchange of softwares during this era, DEC Disk were the common ways of transfer free software worldwide. (Weber Steven, 2004)
The term freeware was first used by “Andrew Fluegelem” who developed free communication software called Pc-talk and it was one of the most...