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History Of Hip Hop Essay

1365 words - 6 pages

Music is an essential aspect of human cultures all over the world. Music helps guide the listener’s emotional responses and aids in developing the listener’s lifestyle customs. So many different genres of music exists in the world today, varying in tempo, language, general topic, tone, and culture, intended to affect certain religious groups, age groups, situations, or ethnic backgrounds. Genres are not necessarily constant in maintaining one sound; most genres have changed over time to become suitable for contemporary societies. Genres can be created from a combination of two or more different genres or a change in style in one genre. Hip-Hop is a prime example of one of these created genres; it is a unique genre and now wide spread across the world. Countries like China, Mexico, Paris, and more, all enjoy listening to Hip-hop music and even have Hip-hop artists of their own. Hip-hop eventually evolved into more than just a music style but also a lifestyle, relating to art like graffiti and the way people dress. The history and foundation of hip-hop is an interesting topic because hip-hop has undergone changes in style, content, theme, and even purpose.
A Jamaican born DJ named Clive Campbell, AKA DJ Kool Herc, is considered the father of hip hop. Clive Campbell’s stage name was inspired by his childhood nickname. When he was younger he had a very strong build so his friends called him Hercules. He embraced this childhood name and became DJ Kool Herc. He is one of the first and most essential pioneers of the hip hop industry. He started the hip hop motion by isolating the instrumental portion of the record which emphasized the drum beat of music to extend it. He was more interested in the break section of the song even though the song itself kept the crowd moving. The break section of the song is where the vocals would stop and the beat would just ride for short period. Herc used two turntables and put the same record on both turntables which allowed him to extend the beat. Campbell’s announcements and exhortations to dancers would lead to the syncopated, rhymed spoken accompaniment we now know as rapping. This started the rapping portion of the hip hop. He was the first person to incorporate breaking into the DJ process and it became very popular amongst the public. Other popular DJs that are also considered pioneers of hip hop are Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash. Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash incorporated the DJ style of DJ Kool Herc and presented them into commercially recorded hip hop. Afrika Bambaataa is considered the godfather of hip hop and the master of records; he is credited with giving hip hop its name. Afrika bambaataa means affectionate leader; he got the inspiration for this name from the movie “Zulu”. Grandmaster Flash was a competitor of DJ Kool Herc at the time. He added in the new element of taking phrases and sections of different records and play them over other records. This is a technique that DJ Kool Herc...

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