History Of Internet Essay

803 words - 3 pages

Today we have the opportunity to reach any part of the world and any information we can possibly imagine all at our fingertips. The creation of the Internet was an amazing and an arduous process by a collaboration of many different people and companies. Many innovative ideas have served as the stepping stone which now rests as a gigantic pyramid of the Internet, which has yet to have reached its pinnacle.One could argue that the creation of the Internet was made in part by the Sputnik scare in the early 19601s. Fears that were aroused made the military take guard and build up technological forces. The United States thought that it would need a networking system without an obvious center to attack so that it could survive a nuclear war. Thus the Internet assumed its identity in 1969 by the Advanced Research Projects Agency which became known as ARPANET. The ARPANET was a system of nodes that were able to send information to one another. These nodes allowed one computer to receive information from another computer. The first four nodes were known as the ARPANET. Later during the 19601s more researchers use the Internet to connect the time-sharing computers.From 1970-1973 the Internet already becomes a big hit. The computers that are hooked up on a large network become popular for its e mail application. More hosts on the Internet grow and after 1971 the number reaches 23. During 1973, APRANET first becomes international with connections to the University of College in London, England and the Royal Radar Establishment in Norway. Starting from 1974 the Internet moves more away from its former military purposes and becomes more used for public purposes. In 1974, Bolt, Beranek and Newman open Telnet which was the first commercial version of ARPANET. More popularity grows from the Internet as popular people begin using it. Queen Elizabeth writes the first royal e mail message in 1976. In 1979, students at Duke University make the first USENET newsgroups which allowed people to have discussion groups regarding politics, religion, and many other subjects.After the 701s finish the 801s start out with even more popularity for the Internet. The amount of hosts in 1981 was 213. The 801s contributed to many outstanding breakthroughs for the Internet. For example from 1982-1987 Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf create TCP/IP which became the programming...

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