Immigrant in United States had me thought a lot about immigrants, more specifically Korean immigrants. I chose to focus on Korean immigrants because the city that I come from, Orange County, California, has a large Asian population. I do have some friends that are actually from another country and I would hear comment about green card, immigrant acts, their home country, and citizenship status. My hometown is the one that influenced me to research about the history of Korean immigrant.
January 13, 1903, first group of Korean immigrants arrived to Hawaii for work and/or school. Korean immigrants grow only little by little. The unique part of that decade is Picture Brides. It is another term for mail-order bride. Korean male immigrants in United States at the time tend to get lonely and want to marry Korean woman. They would send pictures to Korea and find someone that is willing to marry him and move to United States (Women’s History in Public: “Picture Brides” of Hawaii). I find that quite unique and it’s actually common during early 1900s.
Due to an increasing population of Asian immigrants, governments created Immigrant Act of 1924, also known as Johnson Reed Act. The purpose of that act is to exclude all immigrants, especially Asians from entering to United States (Bureau of Public Affairs). Due to that act, it did actually decrease the numbers of immigrants from Asia, even the Picture Brides. Korean cannot immigrate to American for almost twenty-five years.
Fast-forwarding to late 1940s, I noticed that in the United States census, there’s a sudden increase number of Korean immigrants population. Based on my research, that’s when the Korean War started. There are series of events that happened during that time. June 25, 1950, Korean War started because there was a high tension between North and South Korea. Due to the high tension, it triggered the second wave of Korean immigrants to America. Those people are students, orphans, and/or brides of American soldiers. American soldiers participated in the war. Due to having American soldiers being Korea, they meet, date, and typically, marry Korean women. They are called War Brides. Just four years before Korean War started, immigrant act of 1946, also known as, War Brides Act of 1946. War bride is “a woman who marries a serviceman especially of a foreign nation met during a time of war” (Merriam Webster).
Six years later, Immigrant Act of 1952: McCarran-Walter Act, it encourages Asians to immigrate in small quantity and gain United States citizenships. This act mostly focuses on those with promising future and can be beneficial for Americans’ future such as students and professionals. The 1950s Korean immigrants wave is one of the largest waves in the history due to War Brides Act of 1946 and McCarran-Walter Act of 1952.
The third waves of Asian immigrants is when Immigrant Act of 1965, Hart-Celler Act. Immigrant Act of 1965 basically terminated immigrant act of 1924. Hart-Celler Act...