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History Of Film Essay

1079 words - 4 pages

W.K. Laurie Dickson, a researcher at the Edison Laboratories, gave birth to film. His invention was to make a practical celluloid strip that contained a sequenced strip of pictures. Thomas Edison built on his idea by inventing the Kinetograph, which was the first practical moving picture camera. He also came out with the Kinetoscope, a cabinet that contained a continuous loop of Dickson's films. It was projected by a lamp and lens onto a glass and the viewer would enjoy the image through an eye piece. A man named Robert W. Paul was very interested in all of this and wanted to take it a step further, so he came up with the idea of displaying moving pictures for a group of people, and invented a film projector. The first showing with his projector was in 1895. The movies were mostly played in store fronts, as traveling exhibits or as acts in vaudeville programs. Normally a movie would be under a minute long, a single scene of everyday life, perhaps a public event or a sporting event. There was practically no technique involved. No camera movement, no editing and the compositions were flat and stagy. The novelty of moving pictures took off in countries around the world before the end of the century. This was the beginning of the silent film era.A silent film is a film with no recorded spoken dialogue. In 1860, the technology for silent films was invented but it stayed a novelty from 1880 to 1900 when single reel films became easy to make. The thought of mixing motion pictures with recorded sound is almost as old as the motion picture itself, but because of the all the difficult challenges involved, most films were silent before the late 1920's. People had tried for years from the very beginning of film to synchronize sound with the moving picture but no method was available until the late 1920's. For the first 30 years films were silent with the exception of live musicians and sometimes sound effects. The beauty of silent films was that anyone could watch it, since there was no dialog, it did not matter what language you spoke. Sometimes the silent era was referred to as the "Age of the Silver Screen"1927 was a big turning point in the film industry because this was the beginning of the sound era when Warner released the first synchronized dialogue in a feature film. The film was called "The Jazz Singer". This was a great success as were follow-ups like Warner's "The Lights of New York" (1928), the first all-synchronized-sound feature. The trend convinced the industry that "talking pictures", or "talkies," were the future of film. The change was so fast that Hollywood was almost all-talkie by the end of 1929 with a few competing sound systems.In the 1950s druring the post-war years, Hollywood faced a big threat. Living rooms through out America were now being occupied by televisions. With the rising popularity of TV, some movie theatres went bankrupt and closed. When movie theaters across America were closing, studios and companies would come up...

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