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History Of Operating Systems Essay

2549 words - 11 pages

This report is going to talk about history of operating system, current development of the Open Source operating system (we are taking Linux operating system) and Windows operating system, evolving of operating system and comparison between Open Source and Proprietary System such as Windows. Besides that, we will take a deep look on how old operating system is being replaced by modern operating system in this fast developed technology era on evolving of operating system part.
Here we will introduce a little bit about what is operating system, basic function on operating system and some popular example of operating system. When you turn on your computer, it is feel nice that you have control. ...view middle of the document...

Common OS are Android, iOS, Windows Phone and Symbian. Mostly these OS are developed and designed for touchscreen input. They now included advance capability, such as run multiple application at once.
Lastly, nowadays OS is really much more advanced than last time. With the development of OS, it brings more convenient and efficiency.

*Windows XP-After April 8, 2014, Microsoft will no longer support or provide security updates or technical support for Windows XP. It is important for those who still having Windows XP to migrate to a current supported operating system such as Windows 8.
History of Operating System
Previously in 1940’s, there was no operating system in a computer. At that time, there was no small computer like personal computer right now. All computers are in big size, with a huge number of wires and components. The first electronic computer is used to systematic computation. User has to use wire to connect various components through a plug board. Every time the computations were finished, user has to pull out the wires and rewire for the next set of computation. The operation only could run a job at a time. This was very cumbersome because it wasted time and human resource to pull out the wires. Let’s us used a time machine to go back from 1940’s to discuss about history of operating system.
Vacuum tube and plug boards were introduced. These were considered first generation in the history of operating system. Each machine are built, designed, programmed, operated and maintained by a group of people each time. There are no real operating system even programming language was unknown. The mode of operation for programmer was set a block of time on the wall, came down to the machine room, inserted their plug board into a computer, and then spent few hours that hoped so vacuum tubes would burn out during the running process. All the computation in the early days was a very straight forward calculation. Started stepped into 1950’s, punched cards were introduced. It was possible to read and write programs instead of using plug boards. A programmer brought card deck down to the input room and hand it to a operator. After that, the operator would hand in back the output to the programmer and FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) compiler (early higher language) would have to get it from a file cabinet and read it if it is needed.
Second generation of operating system which is transistors and batch system were launched. The idea was collect a tray of job in the input room and read using small inexpensive computer. After collecting a batch of job, each of every job will read and run by operating system automatically. When the whole batch was done, the operator removed the input and output tapes and replaced the input tape with the next batch. It was really reduced the wasted time compare to vacuum tube and plug board.
Next, third generation were ICs and multiprogramming. Evolved of multiprogramming was to partition memory into several pieces,...

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