History of Parent Involvement
Prior to the 1850’s, before public education existed, parents and families were responsible for the education of their children. During the late 1800’s and early 1900’s education in schools became wide spread. As public education grew and teachers became professionals many began to believe that professionals alone should be responsible for educating children (Stein and Thorkildsen). As years went by, families showed some concern about this new view on who should be in charge of their children’s education. Parents began to show their concern for this division in education in the 1987 when the National Congress of Mothers, the foundation for the Parent Teacher Association, was formed (Stein and Thorkildsen). Since 1987 many more steps have been taken in an effort to evaluate the importance of parent involvement in education and to encourage parents to be involved in their child’s schooling.
Parent involvement in a child’s schooling has proven to be beneficial to the child regardless of the situation. The amount of the effectiveness of the parent involvement is directly related to the structure of the family that the child comes from. A National Household Education Survey (NHES) from 1996 shows that children from dual parent homes are more inclined to excel academically and become involved in extracurricular activities. More so, they are not as likely to repeat a grade or be given a suspension, especially if their fathers show interest and become involved (Nord). In 38.5 percent of dual parent households parents actively help their child with homework three or more times a week (National Center for Education Statistics). In today’s ever changing society dual parent households are becoming rare, which may contribute to today’s lower achievement rates. Due to these disturbing facts the necessity for parents to become more involved in their children’s schooling is increasing.
Parent involvement not only improves a child’s success in the classroom, but it also significantly increases their cognitive development (Becher). People often neglect to remember that the cognitive development of a child is directly related to their ability to learn (Merrill). As a child develops, they learn mainly by seeing and then doing. When parents are continually involved in helping their child learn non school related things they are actually increasing the probability that their child will reach a high level of cognitive development. Parents have the ability to stimulate a child’s adult intellect and create a foundation for proper reading instruction (Anderson). This will in turn make it more likely for the child to reach higher levels of achievement in school.
Parent involvement in schools not only benefits the child, it also benefits teachers. As a direct result of parent participation teacher’s morale will improve (Iowa State Department of Education). This increase in...