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History Of Policing Essay

1756 words - 7 pages

Policing goes all the way back in history. The early roots of policing goes all the way back to the Greeks, Romans, and the Egyptians. The word police “is rooted from the Greek words polis, and the word politeuein, which means being a citizen who participates in the affairs of a city or state”. Although the roots of American policing goes back to the how England did there policing. When the early English settlers came to America brought the Night Watch System with them from England. In 1636 is when the English helped the city of Boston established Night Watch. The Night Watch is a patrol of volunteers that was supervised by constable. The Night watch duties consist of reporting drunk people, and women who are outside in not in the house after dark. Then in 1749 Philadelphia passed legislation to allow wardens in the city. Wardens had a various number of different jobs that they were responsible for. They had jobs such as selecting and hiring the watchmen, and which the watchmen were paid with tax dollars. The wardens also served warrants, and did some investigative work for the crimes that was committed. Their other job would be also resolve disputes with people and settle fights. Another job of the wardens was to also recovered stolen items and found out who the thief is and take them to jail. Wardens were not will respected around the cities. There was a lot of corruption with the wardens and the watchman. In the 1800s America witnessed a big growth in policing. Then Sir Robert Peel came along, and introduced a new style of policing. Sir Robert Peel at the time was home secretary in London. Sir Robert Peel Believed police should resemble a semi military in style. He believed that police officers should be held to higher standard than normal citizens should because they were at a higher power of authority. Sir Robert Peel Also believed that the police officers should know the areas that they patrol, so that they can’t get lost in the area that they are patrolling, and they would know the area better than most people that are committing the crime. He also believed officers should be quiet, neat, and professional. This is where professionalism in policing started. Sir Robert Peel is one of the main people accredited with bringing professionalism to police. Sir Robert Peel also is the one who established the Metropolitan police. By the 1850s Sir Robert Peel had day and night watch systems everywhere in United States, he was giving residents of the city 24 hours protection from the watchman. Police officers didn’t have a central authority, so there for they lacked central authority in their power, which led to corruption and other issues due to lack of central power. Officers then began taking bribes. Police officers were often getting hired not because they was the best fit for the job or had a lot of knowledge of the job but they were hired because they had ties to the different political parties. Police Officers often began to enforce laws...

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