History Of Religion In Politics Spanning From The 14th Century Until Now.

1469 words - 6 pages

Religion's End?Western society has always had a large relationship between religion and politics, but is this starting to change? Is religion starting to lose its impact on western civilization? Religion's death in western society's politics is drawing closer to its eminent death. There was a time when the church ruled and everyone was catholic and listened to the priests every words. When the paper press was created that is when books became more accessible and more people learned how to read, this lead to people to interpret the bible in their own ways skewing the beliefs of the general public which brought the separation of Catholicism which weakened the church's power. Now today more and more people are turning from religion, becoming more skeptical, and the church now has no say in what is decided in today's politics.In the 14th and part of the 15th century the Roman Catholic Church had lots of power. The church was kept in power by kings who were religious themselves and opposition to the church and Catholicism in general was not tolerated and could lead to horrendous punishments and even execution. The church had a large influence on laws made and many laws were actually religiously based. In this time some popes were even able to achieve greater power than the king. Proof of the church's influence on the people the priests at one point even started getting the people to pay them for acceptance into heaven and skip purgatory; these were called indulgences and actually were a part of what led to the church's decline of power.The general public was very religious and the only people who had access to the bible (or books in general) were the rich and the church. The church used their priests to interpret and convey the teachings of the bible to the people, so the people were unable to create their own meanings of the bible. Because books were hand written they were expensive and hard to come by, so the general public did not bother learning to read this would not change until later in the 15th century with the invention of the printing press.In 1448 the movable printing press was invented by a German goldsmith named Johann Gutenberg which lead to what people believe was one of the biggest religious revolutions. The printing press' first large endeavor was the printing of the Gutenberg bibles. The bibles were the first books printed in not only Europe but the first books ever printed in history. This made the bible less expensive and more accessible to the common people, which led more people to learn to read and create their own opinions on the bible and religion in general. This led to more people separating from the original views of Catholicism and led to a huge change in religion.In 1517 upset over the priests giving out indulgences Martin Luther created and posted his 95 theses on the door of the St. Peter's Basilica against the indulgences. Luther was then ordered to recant his theses but after denying because he believed he was in the...

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