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History Of Rock And Roll Essay

1230 words - 5 pages

INTRODUCTIONRock and Roll started after the year 1955 with its roots being in Blues, Gospel,and Jazz. This influenced vocal music, which was popular with the African Americanpopulation. Hep Harmony which added rhythm and harmony was sung by groups such asThe 'Mills Brothers' and the 'Ink Spots'.Small Swing Bands or Jump Bands featured saxophone soloists and repeatedphrases. These city style blues featured singers such as Joe Turner, Dina Washington, T-Bone Walker, and composer-singer Percy Mayfield.During this era, country blues traditions of the south became influential in theNorth as well. Blacks moved from the South to the North and Chicago became the centerof blues recordings. This emphasized electric guitars, harmonicas, and drummers whoemphasized after beats (beats 2 and 4 of the measure). Black gospel music was verypopular and given the label of rhythm and blues (R&B). This music was carried on radioand popular with the disc jockeys.In the mid 50's, Chuck Berry and Little Richard were popular and changed theface of music, which was named rock and roll by the D.J.' 21956-1962At age 21, in 1956, Elvis Presley was introduced to the public with his rockabillystyle of music. His first record, 'Heartbreak Hotel' was recorded. It was the first of aconsecutive 14 records to sell over one million copies.He inspired other country singers to sing rock and roll. This started a trend for'cover' recordings. This was when white singers simplified versions of Black recordedsongs. White singers were played on more radio stations and became very popular.Young listeners became their largest audience. Young singers were hired to recordsongs featuring adolescent issues. 'Young Love', '16 Candles', and 'TeenageCrush'. Such singers as Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Jerry Lee Lewis becamefamous and popular.Love ballads also became more popular, with the musical audience looking forsentimental and honest expression. This turned some of the more popular music fromrock to folk ballads. Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, and Peter, Paul, and Mary were the morepopular folk singers.1963-1969During this period, the Beatles became the most popular band of the 1960's.In the 1950's, the Beatles were also known as Johnny and the Moondogs and then theMoonshiners. They first became known as the Silver Beatles. They brought about therenewal of rock and roll, starting in Liverpool, England. John Lennon (10/9/40-12/8/80),led the Beatles as the lead singer and songwriter. Also writing the songs for the Beatlespage 3was Paul McCartney (6/18/42-present). George Harrison (2/25/43-present) added to thesounds of the Beatles. In 1962, Ringo Starr (7/7/40-present) became the drummer for theband. They were now known as The Beatles, (the Fab Four).Their first song 'Love Me Do' was recorded in 1962, after Ringo joined the band.In 1964, the Beatles 'invaded' the United States, by bringing their music here and drivingthe crowds wild. The Beatles bridged the generation gap and language...

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