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History Of Rome Essay

799 words - 4 pages

The history of the ancient roman civilization to the fall of the Roman empire covers a period of over 1,200 years. The Roman civilization had humble beginnings as a small territory near the Tiber River but grew to expand areas of 2,500,000 square miles at its peak. Since Rome still exists today, one could argue that it never fell and that it only adapted to or became so immersed into the culture and politics of the regions it conquered that they became one. Nevertheless, if the demise of the roman civilization is measured by territory size, than the beginning of the end started with the split of the empire into two territories, the eastern and western empires. Ironically, Julius Caesar once ...view middle of the document...

C to establish the Roman republic where citizens would have more involvement in political affairs.
The Roman Republic covered the period from 509-27 BC. The republic was governed by the Senate was the select group of about 300 Patricians who served for life. A Patrician was a landowner there were the ruling class, the minority of the Roman Republic (Upper classed). The Plebeians were the lower class of the Roman Republic they were the workers and made up majority of the population. Men in both groups were citizens, and could vote. Only Patricians could hold government office though.
Under the Roman Republic Rome expanded its territories through conquests and wars. The 3 Punic wars resulted in the conquest of Sicily, Hispania, Northern Africa, Spain, Sardinia and Corsica. Rome had become the most powerful nation making the government positions more attractive to the rich and ambitious. This led to corruption with politicians who governed towards personal gains, many disagreements, and fed up citizens who wanted change. Julies Caesar who promoted change for a single ruler was murdered by Brutus during a speech, which started a civil war to force emperor rule onto Rome. Caesar’s nephew Augustus became the first emperor of Rome in 27 BC, bringing an end to the republic of Rome.
The Roman Empire lasted from 27 BC- 476 AD...

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