Slavery in the United States
Slavery in general term consist in the state of a person being a property of another person. It has appeared for thousands of years. From the old Roman emperor to nineteenth century. Regardless, it increased by the development of societies to make profit by cheap human labor. Slavery appeared in the United States in late of seventeen centuries as a result of the trade market. These slaves came from Africa to work in large plantations for free labor in America. Historians believe that the first ship of slaves to arrive in America was Dutch to the Virginia colony of Jamestown in 1619 with around 20 slaves. They were used slaves to work in the tobacco, sugar, rice, cotton, and coffee plantations. But slavery emerged the restriction of African’s lives in North America. Though slaves in North America had their rights prohibited by their owners, they could have a small land for their own work, having family, religion practices.
In the late of seventeen century most slaves worked on plantations ruled by their masters who had right to decide about Africans slave’s lives. As a matter of fact, slaves become an object of work. They were obligated to work without any payment. Mainly these labors were divided by gender, region and age. In most plantations in America, men slaves had to do all the hard work, children usually collect the crops, and women mostly did domestic task. For instance, in the New England women were much less likely to be used as field labor . According to historians "Slaves in the plantations had to work 18 hours daily without an appropriate meal. However, the slave system was different among South and North.
The increased demand of producers in the south led to increase the number of cheap labor emerged the number of slaves in the South. As a result, it led to the origin of the “Second middle passage” where it consisted of the sale of one of the enslaved family members who in most cases were the fathers, thus allowing the family runs out of defense. Inadequate nutrition, poor water quality and depletion of both the journey and the work weakened the newly arrived slaves and produced casualties. Many of the slaves were new to cotton fields and unaccustomed to the "sunrise-to-sunset labor" required by their new life. They were driven much harder than when they were involved in growing tobacco or wheat.
On the other hand, most slaves change its religion in order to escape slavery. “African American slaves converted to Christianity to obtain the salvation of their souls based on the Christian’s idea of a future reward in heaven or punishment in hell, which did not exist in their primary religion. The religious principles inherited from Africa sought purely physical salvation and excluded the salvation of the soul. However, they did believe in one supreme God, which made it easier for them to assimilate Christianity.
The obligation of slaves to work without any human rights has led to various forms of...