This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of Space Shuttle Program Essay

687 words - 3 pages

The shuttle, a manned, multipurpose, orbital-launch space plane, was designed to carry payloads of up to about 30,000 kg (65,000 lb) and up to seven crew members and passengers. The upper part of the spacecraft, the orbiter stage, had a theoretical lifetime of perhaps 100 missions, and the winged orbiter could make unpowered landings on returning to earth. Because of the shuttle's designed flexibility and its planned use for satellite deployment and the rescue and repair of previously orbited satellites, its proponents saw it as a major advance in the practical exploitation of space. Others, however, worried that NASA was placing too much reliance on the shuttle, to the detriment of other, unmanned vehicles and missions.The first space shuttle mission, piloted by John W. Young and Robert Crippen aboard the orbiter Columbia, was launched on April 12, 1981. It was a test flight flown without payload in the orbiter's cargo bay. The fifth space shuttle flight was the first operational ...view middle of the document...

Then, on January 28, 1986, the shuttle Challenger was destroyed about one minute after launch because of the failure of a sealant ring on one of its solid boosters. Flames escaping from the booster burned a hole in the main propellant tank of liquid hydrogen and oxygen and caused the booster to nose into and rupture the tank. This rupture caused a nearly explosive disruption of the whole system. Seven astronauts were killed in the disaster: commander Francis R. Scobee, pilot Michael J. Smith, mission specialists Judith A. Resnik, Ellison S. Onizuka, and Ronald E. McNair, and payload specialists Gregory B. Jarvis and Christa McAuliffe. McAuliffe had been selected the preceding year as the first 'teacher in space,' a civilian spokesperson for the shuttle program. The tragedy brought an immediate halt to shuttle flights until systems could be analyzed and redesigned. A presidential commission headed by former secretary of state William Rogers and former astronaut Neil Armstrong placed much of the blame on NASA's administrative system and its failure to maintain an efficient system of quality control.In the aftermath of the Challenger disaster, the O-ring seals on the solid rocket booster (SRB) were redesigned to prevent recurrence of the January 28 failure. The shuttle launch program resumed on September 29, 1988, with the flight of Discovery and its crew of five astronauts. On this mission, a NASA communications satellite, TDRS-3, was placed in orbit and a variety of experiments were carried out. The success of this 26th mission encouraged the United States to resume an active launch schedule. One more flight was planned for 1988, and a total of 39 were scheduled through 1992. The long-delayed $1.5-billion Hubble Space Telescope was deployed by space shuttle in 1990 but, because of an optical defect, failed to provide the degree of resolution it was designed to have until it was repaired in December 1993. On February 2, 1995, Lieutenant Colonel Eileen M. Collins became the first woman to pilot the space shuttle. On March 18 the space shuttle Endeavor, piloted by Stephen Oswald, landed after a record 16 days, 15 hours in space.

Find Another Essay On History Of Space Shuttle Program

History Of Space Exploration Essay

1797 words - 7 pages following discoveries: it found four rings around it, found six new moons, a Giant Spot on Neptune itself, and evidence of volcanic type activity on the moon Triton. They are both now heading for the end of the solar system. In April of 1981 the US launched the Space Shuttle Columbia. This was the first spacecraft designed specifically for re-use of up to 100 times. During the next ten years, four more space shuttles were built; Challenger

Analysis of Persuasive Symbols in Ronald Reagan's The Space Shuttle "Challenger" Tragedy Address

1528 words - 7 pages which should be utilized when analyzing great communicators such as President Ronald Reagan. In response to the Space Shuttle Challenger explosion on January 28th, 1986 where seven brave American’s gave their lives. President Ronald Reagan made history with his famous speech, which didn’t only serve to address the great tragedy, but served as a focal point of comfort for the grieving nation. He commemorated the seven heroes who had fallen

Analysis of Persuasive Symbols in Ronald Reagan’s The Space Shuttle "Challenger" Tragedy Address

1512 words - 7 pages utilized when analyzing great communicators such as President Ronald Reagan. In response to the Space Shuttle Challenger explosion on January 28th, 1986 where seven brave American’s gave their life. President Ronald Reagan made history with his famous speech, which didn’t only serve to address the great tragedy but served as a focal point of comfort for the grieving nation. He commemorated the seven heroes who had fallen that morning in route to

Cancellation of the Constellation Program Will Benefit the American Space Program

546 words - 2 pages NASA has been in the business of sending men and materials into space for more than fifty years. With the introduction of the space shuttle in 1980, however, it has essentially become a transport and shipping company rather than an organization responsible for developing modern technologies to take Americans to Mars and beyond. The space shuttle was a tremendous technological achievement that enabled NASA to send millions of tons of cargo and

Von Braun Impact on the American Space Program - 20th Century History - Term Paper

1897 words - 8 pages Program, the man who made Space Race a recognizable phrase, and ultimately the German who put the Americans on the moon. von Braun may not be the household name that a Buzz Aldrin or Neil Armstrong is, but he should be. For someone responsible for taking man to the “heavens,” he probably deserves more credit. Edited by Kelly Carr Works Cited Braun, Wernher, and Frederick Ordway. History of Rocketry & Space Travel. T. Crowell Company, New York, 1975

Critique of the Vacant Sky: The End of the Manned Space Program?

1446 words - 6 pages branches in NASA. Frank states that “other limbs of NASA, like basic space science and robotic planet exploration, found themselves stressed by the agencies need to keep the Shuttle flying safely and support the other underfunded goals of the manned program”(Frank). Frank then questions the value of a space station. Almost in a sarcastic tone Frank recalls memories in which he thrilled at “images of astronauts performing weightless acrobatics as orbital

The History of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

663 words - 3 pages learn will benefit all humankind. NASA mainly sends astronauts to orbit conduct scientific research, and many other things help scientists today better understand space. Satellites help scientists learn more about Earth and pace probes study the solar system and beyond that. Today NASA is working on a program to send humans to the Mars and way beyond that. Some of NASA’s facilities are IV and V facility, Michoud Assembly Facility, Wallops Flight

The Wonderful History of Space Exploration In Depth

9792 words - 39 pages where the astronauts would live and work in space. The MOL would have been launched by Air Force Titan III booster rockets. Beginning in 1965, seventeen Air Force pilots were selected to be the MOL astronauts, but the program was canceled in 1969 for budgetary reasons. Eight of the seventeen MOL astronauts joined NASA (six flying various space shuttle missions), two were killed in military aircraft crashes, and one (Michael Adams) was killed in

Ancient History: Greek World Question: Assess the importance of Solon's reform program during this period

1250 words - 5 pages Solon, the reformer, came into power at a critical time for Athens' economic and political welfare. Before Solon, Athens was experiencing a severe law of debt, greedy nobles, causing the suffering of the poor and a vast gap between the classes. Athens needed to resolve these economic, social and political problems, while also avoiding a tyranny, hence Solon, the reformer. While in power he did solve many major problems in the city of Athens

The Columbia Space Shuttle

1671 words - 7 pages (Lewis 128). The Columbia successfully landed at Kennedy Space Center on April 14, 1981, after two days and six hours in space (Dunbar “STS-1” 1). Four other flights were conducted to test the combination again, which proved that it could be used to go into space. STS-5 was the first operational shuttle mission for the Columbia and the shuttle program itself (Dunbar “STS-5” 1). The objective of STS-5 was to send two satellites into orbit and to

NASAs future Retire shuttle fleet, focus on next generation: [Final Edition]

652 words - 3 pages , first with the Apollo program and its six manned missions to the Moon, then with Skylab in the mid-1970s, the space shuttle since 1982, the building of the international space station since 1998, and manning the station uninterruptedly, with Russian cosmonauts, since November 2000. Setbacks have not been few nor easy to forget among them the fire atop the Apollo 1 rocket that killed the crew of three during a training exercise in 1967, the

Similar Essays

End Of The Space Shuttle Program: An American Financial Voyage

1602 words - 6 pages -mistake.html?nav=5614 C. Ed. Arnold D. Aldrich. n.p., 5 Feb. 2011. Web. 26 July 2011. C. Chavis, Jason C. Space. Ed. Davison. n.p., 27 May 2010. Web. 26 July 2011. Freudenrich, Craig. Science. How Stuff Works, n.d. Web. 2 Aug. 2011. Garber, Steve. "History of the Space Shuttle." NASA History Program. NASA, n.d. Web. 1 Aug. 2011. Halvorson, Todd. "'Mission complete, Houston': Space shuttle program is history." century-of-flight. Spiritual

Development Of The Space Shuttle Essay

1288 words - 5 pages into Jupiter’s atmosphere; however, the probe did not make it more than an hour with the heat and pressure.11 The space shuttle Challenger was built in the late 1970s and early 1980s. “The discoveries made on her many successful missions continue to better mankind in space flight and in life on Earth.”12 The Challenger was the first shuttle to carry a female into space, and it was also the first spacewalk of the Space Shuttle Program. A

From Ground To Space: The History Of The United States Space Program

1315 words - 5 pages ( It paralyzed the program until September 1988 when flights resumed with the launch of Discovery. In the post-Challenger era, NASA has continued its support of the shuttle program and has proposed various future missions. These include constructing the space station Freedom, landing astronauts on Mars, and developing a permanent lunar base ( important support element of the

Risk Analysis Of The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster

1208 words - 5 pages temperature was below freezing on the morning of January 1986 when the space shuttle Challenger prepared for its tenth launch. Unfortunately, the space shuttle Challenger met a tragic fate that morning. This disaster was the first one for the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research. Problematic It is really important to find a good