The league of Arab states is referred to as the Arab League. The Arab League was formed on March 22, 1945 in Cairo, Egypt. The League began with six member states namely Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi, Arabia, Syria, Transjordan (now known as Jordan). Yemen joined at a later stage on 5th May 1945. It is a regional organization, which has now grown to include 22 states in and around North Africa and Southwest Asia. Every country is given one vote at the council. However, Syria was suspended since 2011 due to the ongoing civil war and the government’s repression.
The League’s highest body is the Council which is composed of representatives of member states, usually foreign ministers, their representatives or permanent delegates. Each member state has one vote, irrespective of its size. The council meets twice a year, in March and September, and may meet formally on special session at the request of two members.
On day to day basis, the league is run by the general secretariat. Headed by a secretary-general, it is the administrative body of the league and the executive body of the council and specialized ministerial councils.
The main aim of the Arab League is to “draw closer the relations between member states and co-ordinate their political activities with the aim of realizing a close collaboration between them to safeguard their independence and sovereignty and to consider in general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries.” According to the Charter of Arab League, Article II states that it also looks at the Economic and financial affairs, including commercial relations, customs, and currency, question of agriculture. Along with it, in communications, it includes railroads, roads, aviation, navigation, telegraphs and posts. It further looks at co-operation of member states in cultural, social, and health affairs as well as nationality, passports, visas, execution of judgments and extradition of criminals from involved state nations. (League of Arab States, 1945)
The Arab League has been actively working for the facilitation of economic growth, cultural, national, political and religious interests of the member states where as it comes up with finding solutions for conflict resolution both within and outside of the League between its members. This political organization integrates its member states and resolves its internal member state conflicts without any foreign assistance. The League was chartered due to the concerns about postwar colonial divisions of territory as well as strong opposition to the emergence of a Jewish state in Palestine. But it has long been criticized for ineffectiveness, disunity and poor governance, as it has traditionally been more representative of its various autocratic regimes than of Arab citizens.
Unlike the United Nations, the Arab League does not have any military force; however in the summit of 2007, the Leaders pushed towards activating a joint defense as well as a peacekeeping...