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History Of The Bison Essay

1791 words - 8 pages

Bison, like many species, have come a long way since the dawn of time.  Bison have grown along side humans and humans took advantage of the bison to near extinction.  Now bison have been struggling to survive but are luckily still around today but not in every place it used to be. The history of bison go far back to when species are still young on land.
To start back in the beginning, bison came from the bovine family. It is a genetic family that mostly make up animals that resemble the common cow or have cow features, including horns, hooves, rough skin, etc. According to Kathleen O’Neal Gear and W. Michael Gear, both are archaeologist for the state of Kansas and Wyoming, believe that “Bison and cattle have a common ancestry that begins around nine million years ago in Europe with the appearance of an animal called Parabos” The parabos was in the bovine family. This animal's origin location is unclear but some fossils located in Spain, Hungary, Italy and Romania can be a more precise indication of where is originated. I think this makes sense because scientifically, it is said animals came form the water and evolved. Those countries are near water which can also explain how water buffalo may have started to evolve. Kathleen O’Neal Gear and W. Michael Gear continue on the interest of parabos by saying that about four million years ago, the parabos “...gave rise to proleptobos, an animal that is the direct ancestor of Bos and Bison.” This gives more insight on the bison and shows that they likely have originated from China. The parabos on the other hand likely spread all the way to the China area. From the proleptobos, the bison split from that animal about 2 million years ago. It was roaming all around Europe and Asia and likely Africa. The environment changed often with many glaciation near the ice age. This helped the bison grow strong and it adapted to the cold with a strong warm body.
More insight was recently found about the origin of the bison. Bison skulls in the Mississippi River have given scientist some genetic information about the bison species. According to Mike Fosha, assistant state archaeologist who viewed some of the skulls claims that "The skulls themselves represent quite a long span of bison evolution. We have some that are probably 10,000 years in age...” This can mean that bison have been around for a long time, which is no surprise. I believe this can means bison have likely many evolutionary changes it had gone through. I think this could also mean that maybe a species evolved from the bison as well and it is likely some of them are in the water. Bison skulls in the water still show relations with bison and water buffalo. This can also mean this type of observation can help predict when bison have started to move to North America. These skulls are in North America so it can open up for more research and bison skulls in other areas can show different data.
Bison were growing around the Euro-Asia...

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