History Of The Courts Essay

1336 words - 6 pages

INTRODUCTION There are many aspects contributing to the history of criminal law: the concept of law, the origin of law, and finally the development of law. Each point is equally important and influential to the maturation of criminal law.CONCEPT OF LAW The concept of law is to protect those who are innocent and to prosecute those who are guilty. Law is the infrastructure of our economic, social, and political lives. It gives order to our existence and makes us equal. Without law, we as a nation would collapse and become a very volatile society. Every crime falls under a pertinent conviction or penalty. When laws and statutes are made and passed, morals have to be taken ...view middle of the document...

Sinful actions were insolent upon two grounds: they induced conflict in society and ravaged the relationship among people, and the injustice of any descendant of Abraham could bear celestial wrath down upon the nation. National rectitude is essential to the survival of this religious culture. The Greek city-state of Athens renders the suitable civilization ruled by the spry political participation of society in the concerns of bureaucracy. Athens, in its classical period, flourished from Mediterranean business enterprise; trading consisted of substances capable of being used for food and various necessities of life bartered from less progressed regions. Athenians, with a long tradition of pursuing autonomy, established a strong value on their city-state's capability to endure rulers. The Athenian's ordeal with Spartan tyrants had surely swayed the people that democracy was imperative to joy. While their productive wealth developed, their determination of government figures to obstruct any person from possessing power and installing totalitarianism. In Athenian law, one was acquitted in murdering someone who was aspiring to overthrow the democracy or establish tyranny. The enormous structure of Roman judiciary and constitutional principles has outlined western opinions of government through the times. Republican Rome was established on the dependability of the people to raise a constitutional land governed by the reciprocity of noble strength in the Senate and humble vigour displayed in the tribunate. During 509-25 B.C., Rome prevailed over most of the known world. Roman republicans concurred with Greek animosity to tyrants. Their particular form of government was built on the notion of the citizen-soldier as the determinant to Roman power in the world. Their criminal justice system aided in protecting the people from unfair prosecution and provided each person with an open comprehension of his or her liberties and obligations to the republic. There is another pattern of human social organization which dates back as far as 200,000 years ago. The hunting and gathering society has been a controlling type of social genre in the history of the human species. Acephalous, which is headless or leaderless, societies were the only category of human community for 30,000 of the 40,000 years since the development of mankind. These communities were small, conservatively collaborative, and believed somewhat in equality. They had simple technology and they divided work by age and sex. Also, with no ruler or government with the commanding power of others, the acephalous society generally depicted more by harmony and cooperation. With small communities consisting of fifty members, the hunting and gathering groups had very tight kinship with one another. While working in such close, intimate, and small quarters each member learned to develop personal restraint and the control of impulse. This inturn would prevent...

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