Ms. Lena Thomas
25 March 2014
The most famous Bassist in the world is Sir Paul McCartney. Paul McCartney is a former band member of The Beatles. The first electric bass guitar was introduced in the 1930s by a man named Paul Tutmarc from Seattle, Washington. The first models of electric bass guitars were Model 736 Bass Fiddle. The company only made one hundred of these guitars. The electric bass guitar consists of a neck and body, and the bridge, tuners, pickups, strings, and amplification makes this instrument the backbone of a song.
Leo Fender, in the 1950s, with some help from his employee, George Fullerton, managed to develop the first mass produced bass guitar. The Fender P bass, or Precision Bass guitar, was introduced in 1951. It became a widely copied standard in the industry. The Fender Bass Guitar was a new instrument that was easily transportable to a gig. It can be amplified to about any volume without having to worry about feedback. Elvis Presley started using the Fender Precision Bass around 1957. Following Fender in 1953, Gibson introduced the first short scale violin-shaped electric bass with an extendable end pin, which allows the instrument to be played upright or horizontally. Gibson renamed this in 1958 to the EB-1. Other small companies began introducing the Electric Bass during the 1950s like Kay in 1952 and Danelectro in 1956. The distinctive Violin Bass was made using the violin construction techniques. It was introduced in 1956 by a man named Walter Hofner. This instrument is mostly known as the “Beatle Bass” since Sir Paul McCartney made it famous.
Many manufactures began making electric bass guitars in the 1960s due to the explosion of rock music. The Fender Jazz Bass, also known as the Deluxe Bass, was meant to accompany the Jazzmaster Guitar. The Jazz Bass has two single coil pickups, one close to the bridge and another one in the precision bass split coil pickup position. Fender also began making the Mustang Bass that had a thirty inch scale length. Many bassists such as Bill Wyman of The Rolling Stones used this bass guitar. Due to Fenders early dominance of the market, this bass was often called the Fender Bass.
The bass guitar continued to grow in popularity in the 1970s. Music Man Instruments was introduced in the 1970s by Tom Walker, Forrest White, and Leo Fender. This company produced the first bass with active powered pickups called the Stingray. Specific Bass Guitar models became identified with certain types of music. Alembic established the template for what became known as the “boutique” or “high end” electric Bass Guitar. In the mid 1970s, manufactures produced a four and five string Bass with a low “B” string. Anthony Jackson commissioned Luthier Thompson to build six string Bass tuned B0, E1, A2, D2, G2, and C3.
Throughout the 1980s to 2000s, five string Basses became more widely available and affordable. Many of the bassist from...