History Of The Fire Service Essay

2274 words - 9 pages

The History of the Fire Service Did you know that the earliest form of firefighting took place in Rome in 24 B.C? After almost being destroyed by unruly conflagrations, Rome created a fire department consisting of about 7,000 paid firefighters. Their fire crews responded to and fought fires, and also patrolled the streets with the authority to fine anyone who disobeyed the fire prevention codes (Hashgan). The major piece of firefighting equipment the Roman's used was the bucket, which was passed from hand to hand to deliver water to the fire. Additionally, they used an ax, which was utilized to remove the fuel and prevent the spread of fire, as well as to make openings that would allow heat and smoke to escape a burning building. Furthermore, in major conflagrations long hooks with ropes were used to pull down buildings in the path of an approaching fire to create firebreaks. And finally, when explosives were available, the Roman's would use them to also form firebreaks (Hashgan). Now that we know the very beginnings of the fire service, let's explore its creation in America. Firefighting history in America can be dated all the way back to Jamestown, Virginia, where the first English settlement took place. Founded in 1607 by colonists from the London Company, Jamestown was under the command of Captain James Smith (Britannica). Just as things seemed to be going great, a destructive fire demolished most of Jamestown, includingthe colonists' provisions and lodgings. It was clear that Smith had to do something in order to control these devastating fires, but he was not sure what that was. Fire prevention in the United States is said to be created in 1630 in Boston. At this time, Boston's Governor John Winthrop outlawed wooden chimneys and thatched roofs. Later, in 1648, Governor Peter Stuyvesant of New Amsterdam (New York City) was the first in the New World to appoint men as fire wardens (Hashagan). These fire wardens were permitted to inspect chimneys and to fine any violator of the fire prevention rules. The fire wardens later appointed eight honorable citizens to the "Rattle Watch". The job of the "Rattle Watch" was to patrol the streets at night carrying large wooden rattles. If a fire was seen, the men spun the rattles, and then directed the responding citizens to form bucket brigades (Hashagan) Bucket brigades are teams of people passing leather buckets full of water down a human chain. At the end of the chain the water is thrown on the fire, and the empty buckets are passed back to the water source. Using the human chain, a constant supply of buckets could be rotated through, providing a steady supply of water (Hashagan). This is recognized as the first step in structured firefighting in America. About thirty years later, in 1676, Boston suffered numerous arson fires and then finally, a conflagration (Hashagan). This encouraged the Bostonians to send out for the "state of the art" fire engine then being made in...

Find Another Essay On History of the Fire Service

History of the National Health Service

2948 words - 12 pages History of the National Health Service The purpose of this essay is to outline the history of the National Health Service and why it was introduced into the everyday lives of the British people. As the NHS is a major factor of the welfare given to the people of Britain, we must look at the early years of the Welfare laws and acts passed down through the centuries, which eventually lead to the creation of the NHS

The Ring of Fire Essay

1048 words - 4 pages Most volcanoes are located on the continents edges, a long island chains or beneath the sea forming long mountain ranges. More than half of the world's active volcanoes above sea level encircle the Pacific Ocean to form the circum-Pacific "Ring of Fire." The ring of fire makes up seventy five percent of the worlds dormant and active volcanoes. More than half of the world's active volcanoes above sea level are part of the ring. The Ring of Fire

The Ring of Fire.

1046 words - 4 pages Most volcanoes are located on the continents edges, along island chains or beneath the sea forming long mountain ranges. More than half of the world's active volcanoes above sea level encircle the Pacific Ocean to form the circum-Pacific "Ring of Fire." The ring of fire makes up seventy five percent of the worlds dormant and active volcanoes. More than half of the world's active volcanoes above sea level are part of the ring. The Ring of Fire is

The Lake of Fire

2682 words - 11 pages The Lake of Fire has been a theological topic of great controversy. Cults such as the Jehovah’s Witnesses reject the doctrine of eternal punishment in the Lake of Fire, and instead they assert that the place is purely symbolic and that one should not take it literally. However, any good student of the Bible knows that although there is much figurative language throughout the Scriptures, he should always interpret the Bible in the literal sense

The Meaning of Service

616 words - 2 pages The Meaning of Service Service is a word used constantly.  The word service has an impression on many people.  For example; people who work as lifeguards view their work as a service to the community.  Naturally, based on working as a lifeguard their definition of service would be an action beneficial to the well-being of others.  Not surprisingly, a similar definition was found in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED).  Service is described

The Great Fire of London

1816 words - 7 pages As once posted on Funky, a blog about the latest news, "Fire from the heart of London spreads through the blood of it's veins, making history from ashes" (“Metaphor…” quote #6). In 1666, the Great Fire of London destroyed and turned everything in its path to ashes and is remembered as one of the most historical devastations of Great Britain. The September fire lasted approximately four days. There are a number of different reasons why this

The Chicago Fire Of 1871

511 words - 2 pages The Chicago Fire of 1871      The summer of 1871 had been an unusually dry one in Chicago. Between July and October, only 5 inches of rain fell. In addition to twenty-seven fires in the first week of October, on Saturday night, October 7, a blaze broke out in a planning mill on the West Side and destroyed almost every building in a four block area before it was brought under control Sunday morning. They lost a hose

The Chicago Fire of 1871

552 words - 2 pages THE CHICAGO FIRE of 1871 The summer of 1871 had been an unusually dry one in Chicago. Between July andOctober, only 5 inches of rain fell. In addition to twenty-seven fires in the first week ofOctober, on Saturday night, October 7, a blaze broke out in a planning mill on the WestSide and destroyed almost every building in a four block area before it was brought undercontrol Sunday morning. They lost a hose and other fire-fighting

Fire science recruitment and retention of the volunteer fire dept

1882 words - 8 pages , maintaining station equipment, fundraising, and operating a non-profitorganization are intense. Today, more than in past years it requires strong leadership andcoordination to make the fire service a place where people want to give their time.(Bush, Schaenman, & Thiel, 1998) History of the Volunteer Fire Service in America The history of the United States volunteer fire service began in 1648 in NewAmsterdam, founded by

Analysis of the Failure of Fire Control

1455 words - 6 pages on analysing the governance failures of one of the most innovative and promising UK Government Information Techology project: FiReControl. Started in 2004, FiReControl was meant to be the future of Fire and Rescue Service. Instead after 7 years it was cancelled and branded as "one of the worst cases of project failures " in UK Government's history. It is argued that the failure of the project have been of two types (1) Uneffective engagement of

THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON OF 1666

1824 words - 8 pages THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON OF 1666 The Great Fire of London of 1666 that was started by Thomas Farrinor’s bakery caused the destruction of 80 percent of London and led to the creation of insurance and firefighting companies. The fire marked a time of rebirth for the British capital since the city had to rebuild entirely. The fire was quite an interesting event owing the fact that it caused such an extreme amount of destruction and took the lives

Similar Essays

Evolution Of The United States Fire Service: An Epigrammatic Introspective

3622 words - 14 pages compensated for their work.In January of 1678, this company officially went into service. Its Captain, Thomas Atkins, was actually the first firefighting officer in the country (Jenness, 1909, p. 112).After the rebuilding of the great Boston fire, there was a new innovation regarding salvage of building and furnishings. The new Mutual Fire Societies, consisted of approximately 20 local citizens who organized to help each other in case of fire. They would

Experience Of Working In Fire Service

2911 words - 12 pages departments to volunteers and draws implications for the further elaboration of this voluntary role.Experience of Working in Fire ServiceIntroductionVolunteer firefighters provide fire protection to three fourths of the geographical area of the United States. There are estimated to be a million of these individuals and about 25,000 volunteer fire departments in this giant sector of the U.S. fire service (National Fire Protection Association, 1986; Welter

Clandestine Drug Laboratories And The Fire Service

1092 words - 4 pages several deaths related to the potentiating effects of alcohol or corrosive contaminants in drugs produced in clandestine laboratories. GHB has also been associated with several cases of sexual assault. Precursors include ethyl alcohol, gamma butyrolactone, potassium hydroxide, and sodium hydroxide. Fires have resulted from heating solutions containing ethyl alcohol in clandestine GHB laboratories. When fire service personnel

An Inview Into The South Wales Fire Service Quality Control Inspection, Outcomes And Recomendations.

9086 words - 36 pages ;牋牋牋6. Previous Recommendations 牋牋牋牋1Introduction1.1 ThePrincipal Inspection of South Wales Fire Service was conducted between August andSeptember 1999 and included a formal visit to the Service from 20 - 24 September1999. The inspection was led by Her Majesty's Inspector J G Russel, assisted by HerMajesty's Inspector C R Moseley and Senior Divisional Officer M J Hagen. Members ofthe Inspection