This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of The H Olocaust Essay

1013 words - 4 pages

A History of the Holocaust In the book A History of the Holocaust: From Ideology to Annihilation, Rita Botwinick makes many valid points about the Holocaust. She discusses major themes occurring during the Holocaust period of World War II such as intentionalism vs. functionalism and the role of churches during the war. She supports almost all of her arguments with solid research and sources as well as personal observations. Her points are very well thought out and persuasive. I would like to focus on a few of the main ideas that stuck out to me as I read the book. Did Hitler want a Germany that was free of Jews or was his master plan simply to wipe all Jews off the face of the Earth? It is this question that gives rise to the debate of whether Hitler held an intentionalist or a functionalist ideology. The arguments in favor of intentionalism insist that Hitler's intent, even before the war, was to systematically and effectively annihilate the Jewish population from the world. On the other side of this argument is Functionalism. This ideology holds that Hitler did not set out to annihilate the Jews but that the ridding of their race arose, not from a previously devised plan, but evolved due to many factors over the course of the war. Botwinick argues that Hitler did want to rid Germany of the Jewish race but, that the systematic killing of every Jew was not his initial plan. Thus, she reluctantly sides with the functionalist argument. She does, however, cite evidence that at times contradicts this viewpoint. One such contradiction occurs with the dying statement of Hitler. In this quote he states that although he had lost the war, he had "at least been victorious in the destruction of the Jews" (p. 160). This quote seemingly alludes to the fact that the destruction of Judaism was his intent all along. Also supporting this argument are Hitler's statements in his book, Mein Kampf, in which he relays his intent to cleanse Germany of all Jewish contamination (Botwinick, 221). In light of these contradictions it is essential to also discuss the evidence supporting functionalism. This task is accomplished extremely well by Ms. Botwinick. She brings up the fact that if indeed Hitler had planned to exterminate all Jews, why was he not a part of the planning of the Holocaust. He left the planning up to Hermann Goering and Heinrich Himmler. It was these men among others who orchestrated and carried out the atrocities that took place during the Holocaust. Hitler is known only to have given a vague order to the effect of finding a solution to the Jewish "problem." Also, Botwinick states that the extermination of the Jewish people by Hitler and the Nazi's did not begin until after the invasion and occupation of Poland. She goes on to state that three factors contributed to Hitler's decision to wipe out the entire Jewish race. These factors give proof and legitimacy to her claim of functionalism. The three factors are as follows....

Find Another Essay On History of the HOlocaust

Causes of the Holocaust Essay

1926 words - 8 pages . (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ) Also, Anti Semitism in History stated, They felt just to the mass murders because they were told the Jews were oppositions of Germany, they were hoarders, and war profiteers. (United States Holocaust Memorial Museum) Therefore, Jews were viewed as if they were not on the same side as the Germans. German citizens grew to hate the Jews. They were not considered human. Yascha Mounk provides an

Causes of the Holocaust Essay

849 words - 4 pages and parts of Czechoslovakia without any voice of concern or any opposition to avoid conflict. Also Prime Minister Chamberlain allowed Hitler to remilitarized the Rhineland despite this not being allowed by the treaty of Versaille which Germany signed on June 28, 1919. In the end, nearly 6 million Jews and 5 million others lost their lives due to a brutal event in history that never should have happened. The Holocaust shows how we, as a group

Analysis of the Holocaust

1570 words - 6 pages Of all the examples of injustice against humanity in history, the Jewish Holocaust has to be one of the most prominent. In the periods of 1933 to 1945, the Nazis waged a vicious war against Jews and other "lesser races". This war came to a head with the "Final Solution" in 1938. One of the end results of the Final Solution was the horribleconcentration and death camps of Germany, Poland, and other parts of Nazi-controlled Europe. In the

Atrocities of the Holocaust

1431 words - 6 pages Of all the examples of injustice against humanity in history, the Jewish Holocaust is one of the most prominent. From 1933 to 1945, the Nazis waged a vicious war against Jews and other "lesser races". This war came to a head with the "Final Solution" in 1938. One of the most horrific results of the Final Solution were the scores of concentration and death camps spread across Nazi Germany, Poland, and other parts of Nazi-controlled Europe. In the

Children of the Holocaust

1650 words - 7 pages Over one million Jewish children died during the Holocaust. They were ripped out of their homes and taken away from their families, and stripped of their childhoods. Innocent lives were caught in a war that they were not able to stop. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, he promised Germany that he would improve life their by getting rid of the one race that caused the problems, the Jews. Jews, including Jewish children, were sent to

Roots of the Holocaust

3047 words - 12 pages Roots of the HolocaustIt is definitely a common opinion that the Holocaust was an extremely negative piece of history from multiple perspectives. However, although such a thought can easily be conceived, it is also important to know how this event was initiated in the first place. The Holocaust was not a result of a dictator coming to power by means of a coup over the government that was still in place, though it was largely the result of the

Children of the Holocaust

963 words - 4 pages they weren't working out on the field they either were dead or are going to be by being forced to be a science experiment for medicines. The children went through terrible times, it was a miracle that some of them survived. It was a tragedy when they died. Anne Frank was a child during the holocaust and she lived longer than I would imagine, she fought for her freedom, she ended up dieing but she died trying. I don't know much about what happened to

Survivors of the Holocaust

1080 words - 5 pages Many Holocaust survivors had to suffer through concentration camps and endure the pain of never seeing their loved ones ever again. There are survivors that never went through any concentration camps. Some of the survivors were known as hidden children because they were taken into homes were Nazis could not find them. Others were put into labor camps were strictly put to work, and if you couldn’t work anymore, you were killed. There were also

Genocide of the Holocaust

3999 words - 16 pages Genocide of the Holocaust Arthur Caplan, editor of When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust, states, "The Holocaust, unlike many other instances of mass killing, was scientifically inspired, supervised and meditated genocide." Since all genocides are a grand-scale effort to systematically eradicate populations, their success hinges on having large portions of a nation going along with genocidal policy. The

Tragedies of the Holocaust

990 words - 4 pages tragic, can be looked at as a stepping stone of our maturing society. Belsen had a rocky beginning but rapidly rose to one be one of most well-known camps of the Holocaust. The Belsen base camp was founded in 1940 by German military officers (Vallentine). Located south of the two villages Bergen and Belse, the camp is correspondingly eleven miles from Celle, Germany (Vallentine). Strictly a prisoner of war camp until 1943, the Belsen concentration

The Holocaust According to Revisionist History

3618 words - 14 pages we have been led to believe, however it is necessary to understand the motives behind the lies.The Jews stood to gain from this story. The world was busy on their guilt trip towards the Jews, because of the supposed killings. This allowed the Zionists to complete the formation of Israel, which is something they have been striving for throughout history. Since the Holocaust, Israel has recieved literally trillions of dollars in reparations and in

Similar Essays

The Power Of Testimonies In Holocaust History

2158 words - 9 pages The use of oral and written testimony can and often does have a powerful impact when studying the history of the Holocaust. Words have the power to create or destroy, encourage or suppress, calm or energize. They can spread hate or love, clarity or confusion. Sometimes words don't tell whole truths and can be misleading as in the case of some fraudulent “pseudo-memoirs” and “doctored” or misleading documents. However, the use of testimonies are

The Holocaust: One Of The Most Horrific Genocides In History

703 words - 3 pages Arin Spanner Ms.Green-Heffern Western Civ, Period 4 March 18, 2014 On January 30, 1933 Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany (The Holocaust: An Introductory History). He instigated the systematic and state-sponsored oppression and massacre of six million Jews and twelve million other groups known as the Holocaust ( He justified the genocide by painting Jews as enemies of Germany and inspiring national pride through propaganda.These

History: Upstanders During The Holocaust Essay

680 words - 3 pages Sithelo Mthethwa Mrs Perret 21 May 2014 History: Upstanders during the Holocaust “One, who saves a single life, saves the World entire.” Anti-Semitism, hatred or prejudice of Jews, has tormented the world for a long time, particularly during the Holocaust. The Holocaust was a critical disaster that happened in the early 1940s and will forever be remembered. Also known as the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World

Survivors Of The Holocaust Essay

951 words - 4 pages -survivors-and-victims-resource-center/survivors-and-victims • Starman, Hannah. "Generations Of Trauma: Victimhood And The Perpetuation Of Abuse In Holocaust Survivors." History & Anthropology 17.4 (2006): 327-338. History Reference Center. Web. 16 Nov. 2013. •