The Nürburgring is a race track located around the village of Nürburg, in the Rhineland-Palatinate, of Germany. The track today has a total of three circuit configurations the GP-Strecke, Nordschleife, and the Combined Circuit with there being four total closed circuits. The GP-Strecke is a 3.199 mile asphalt circuit with a total of 16 turns. The Nordschleife is a 12.93 mile asphalt and concrete circuit with a total of 154 turns. The longest of the circuits being the Combined Circuit is a 16.123 mile asphalt and concrete circuit with a total of 170 turns. Every year the Nürburgring takes the lives of three to twelve people and is considered to be one of the most dangerous race tracks ever made. Before the Nürburgring Germany had no permanent racing circuit despite the fact that German automobile manufacturers were at the front of automobile development.
The talk of building a racing circuit came when Camille Jenatzy won the Gordon Bennett Trophy in a 90 horsepower Mercedes in 1903. With that win Germany had to host the 1904 and did so with full support of Kaiser Wilhelm II. With the success of the 1904 Gordon Bennett race in Germany and its popularity led to the introduction of Germany’s own race series the Kaiserpreis race series in 1907.
During the same time the Kaiserpreis race series was introduced there were talks of building a permanent testing facility for the German automobile manufacturers. There was serious debate about building the testing facility and a location in the Eifel Mountains was considered. In the end the idea of building the test facility was dismissed and within a few years of the idea being dismissed Europe was plunged into World War I. After World War I Germany was plunged into a chaotic financial state and it was not until 1921 that Germany considered building the test facility.
At the time the testing facility was being considered races that were taking place in Germany were located on a section of the Autobahn outside of Berlin and at AVUS which was the location of the first German Grand Prix in 1926. In 1925, Stuttgart was used to create the Solitude circuit on a temporary basis, even though the narrow track was more suited for motorcycles then cars. Even with all the races taking place in Germany it still did not have a dedicated and purpose built track like Monza in Italy, Brooklands in England, or Montlhéry in France.
With the need for Germany have a dedicated and purpose built track the Nürburgring was conceived. The idea for the Nürburgring came from Dr. Otto Creuz a member of the Eifel District Council. With support from the ADAC motor club, the mayor of Cologne, and Konrad Adenauer the future Chancellor of West Germany they convinced the West German government to invest in the Nürburgring. The West German government found it would be an obvious decision to fund the Nürburgring because it would invest in an economically depressed region and it would give many people jobs, so the government issued a grant 14.1...