History Of The Spanish Inquisition Essay

1762 words - 7 pages

The Spanish Inquisition became a major part of Spain’s history. The Spanish Inquisition began a restoration for Catholicism but as time progressed, it began to be seen as a terrible aspect of Spain rule by other European countries. The Spanish Inquisition was formed to get rid of heresy but soon turned into using force, to have people convert to Catholicism and get rid of the growing threat of Judaism and Protestantism.
The Islamic presence in Spain would lead to a medieval Inquisition which served as a background to the Spanish Inquisition. During the time of the 700’s, Islam was expanding to the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa(Spanish Inquisition). This led them to the South of Spain(Spanish Inquisition). Because Spain was surrounded by Muslim borders during the period before the Middle Ages, Spain had religious toleration for centuries (Catholic Culture). With the influence of the Islam religion, Spain seemed threatened at this point as Spain was mainly Catholic. It was around the time of 1184 that the Medieval Inquisition was brought upon Europe(Catholic Culture). The official reason for the Inquisition was “to offer guidance to the lost sheep” (qtd. in Catholic Culture). The Church taught that the Christian-Catholic teachings were essential in order to go to Heaven (Spanish Inquisition). However the Medieval Inquisition was mainly to challenge the secular authorities which were viewed as heretics (Catholic Culture). This would be a similar reason for the beginning of the Spanish Inquisition.
There are many reasons argued by historians as to why the Spanish Inquisition really started. Of course, many people today seem to think that the Spanish Inquisition started because the people of the Church were corrupt. To an extent this is true as there had been many conversos (Jews posing as Catholics) but it seems that when really looking at it anti semitism was the real problem(Catholic Culture). During the 1400’s, a couple years before the Spanish Inquisition started, anti-semitism started to become a real problem (Spanish Inquisition). The Catholics of Spain were banned from charging interest on loans, but the Jews were not (Spanish Inquisition). This led to resentment and the clue that perhaps anti-semitism was a cause of the Spanish Inquisition.
The start of the Spanish Inquisition could be credited down to Alonso de Hojeda. During the time of Alonso the crown was controlled by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand (Catholic Culture). Alonso was convinced that there were conversos in the dioceses of Seville and Cordoba (New World). He went to the King and planted the idea of heresy in the monarchs’ head (New Worlds). At first, the king and queen were not convinced of a problem but they had Pope Sixtus sign a bull for the Inquisitorial tribunal of 2-3 men (in which the monarch would have complete control) to investigate (Catholic Culture). This was the time when Catholics would get the chance to get even with the Jews and they could call...

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