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History Of The Tartars By Giovanni Carpini

1225 words - 5 pages

Carpini’s History of the Tartars is a well organized and meticulous report on the Mongol Empire that is told from the perspective of Giovanni Carpini. As an overweight sixty year old friar, Carpini was an unlikely candidate to make the trek to the unexplored Mongol Empire, however because of his ability to mingle with the peasantry with ease, he was chosen to carry out this task. Through his determination to not only evangelize but also to spy on the Mongols, Carpini was able to write History of the Tartars with great detail and accuracy. Only because of Giovanni Carpini work, do we know as much about the Mongols as we do today.
Reading through Carpini’s observations of the Mongols, there ...view middle of the document...

This shows that Carpini really did have a strong understanding of the Mongol military might and the information given would have proved to be helpful in fighting against them.
Now most importantly of all in this chapter is Carpini’s ability to explain Mongol war tactics. He reveals to us how skilled scouts are always sent ahead of the main battle group whose purpose is to not only survey the area, but also to kill men whenever possible. Once this is done, the Mongols send their hordes of raiders into the vicinity in order to capture and kill. However when the Mongols were outclassed or outnumbered, they would retreat and wait for the enemy to disperse and then group and attack. Carpini also discusses how in a face to face confrontation, the Mongols would bait an army to chase after them, and then after being lured into a favorable spot, would surround and ambush them, completely obliterating them. After reading through the Mongol tactics, I can make assumptions that the Mongols prefer to fight from afar with bow and arrows, and fight through ambushes and surrounding the enemy rather than through straight up engages. Not only this but the Mongols often had the power of fear with them as they would leave survivors to spread tales of terror amongst other potential areas of conquest. The information that Carpini provides here, is in my opinion, the most valuable as it is essentially giving the entire strategy book of the Mongol’s to the Europeans.
In Chapter 8, Carpini uses his extensive knowledge on Mongol tactics to advise the Europeans on how to fight off the invaders. He believes in uniting all of Europe under one plan. He believes that after uniting all of nations, they must structure their army leadership system just like the Mongols with a rank employing over ten men, and having a supreme general to lead them all. He highly advises against chasing after retreating Mongol forces as they like to bait the enemy and surround them. He suggests that every soldier arm themselves with a good bow or crossbow since the mongols fear them and to armor themselves with cuirass as it is difficult for the Mongol arrows to penetrate. He is also able to advise the Europeans on how to defend the strongholds by preventing the Mongols from setting up their catapults in order to stop any siege attempts. In terms of importance, chapter 8 is the ultimate chapter because it is a culmination of all of Carpini’s work. His whole purpose of venturing into the Mongol empire was to figure out a way to fight them...

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