This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of The Traditional School Calendar

2981 words - 12 pages

History of the Traditional School Calendar

The American educational system is based on the traditional, nine-month school calendar, which has been in place for over a century. Originally, the United States was an agrarian society. The majority of Americans lived on farms. People made most of the items that they needed, and with little trade necessary, there was no need for schooling (McLain, 1973). However, as people branched out into neighboring areas, they needed to learn new skills, such as basic arithmetic to price items, measure land, and more (McLain, 1973). As a result, it became the responsibility of those who were less needed on the farm or in the factory to acquire knowledge for the family (McLain, 1973).
Accordingly, children went to school to learn the skills they needed for life. In rural areas, the school year lasted for five to six months, “from the last harvest to the first planting” (Shields, 2000, 24). However, in the urban environment, schools were open eleven or twelve months of the year (Shields, 2000). This is because urban schools provided a way to get children off the labor market, as well as enable them to learn the new technology of the time (McLain, 1973). Then, in 1847, in order to offer a standard curriculum, “urban schools reduced the length of their school year and rural areas increased the number of their school days (Shields, 2000, 25). The result was the traditional, agrarian school calendar of nine months in school, with a three month vacation.

Year Round Education Introduced

Today however, the role of the modern public school is beginning to change. The United States is no longer an agrarian society. As a result, people feel that the traditional school calendar is too old-fashioned and not relevant in the modern world. Year round schools offer an equivalent, alternative form of education from the traditional calendar. The first year round school was established in 1904 in Bluffton, Indiana (Glines, 2002). Year round education is described as a “calendar modification that requires students to begin school earlier and end later than normal, with the lost summer vacation redistributed in blocks throughout the year” (Glines, 2002, 2698). It is important to note that year round schools have the same number of days in a calendar year as does the traditional school year. However, the days are distributed throughout the year. Year round schools differ from traditional schools in a variety of ways.

Single Track Calendar

In order to accommodate the year round calendar, there are several forms of year round education. The first form follows a single track calendar. This is the most popular type of calendar (Shields, 2000). A single track year is usually implemented to “provide a more balanced and enriched education program or to accommodate the special scheduling needs of a community” (Glines, 2002, 2699). A single track calendar takes on a 45/15 design. This is where students go to school for forty-five...

Find Another Essay On History of the Traditional School Calendar

The History and Development of School Counseling

1084 words - 5 pages counselor stay in current industry trends. It takes time and energy to become a successful school counselor and requires good study habits and determination to finish your schooling. The history and development of school counseling began as a vocational guidance movement in the beginning of the 20th century that emerged from the industrial revolution. In 1907 Jesse B. Davis was thought to be one of the first to implement a sort of systematic guidance

The Foundation of Traditional Ethics Essay

1364 words - 5 pages In “Abolition of Man”, author C.S. Lewis discussed the foundation of traditional ethics by embracing the Chinese word Tao, meaning “the Way.” Lewis declares that people today have assumed a place outside the Tao. This position involves, according to C.S. Lewis, a choice between two evils; and one or the other evil is our destiny if we believe that the Tao isn’t real. But aside from such everyday thoughts, there are hypothetical problems to this

The History of the Gallaudet School for the Deaf

831 words - 4 pages The Gallaudet School for the Deaf is a school where deaf and hard of hearing people can go to collage and get a degree. This school has been around for more than 100 years and has quite a history. Through the years, it has been recognized by Presidents and dignitaries. The School was not originally formed for the benefit of the deaf students. In 1854, a man named Platt H. Skinner came to Washington DC with 5 deaf, orphaned students. Skinner

The History of the Gallaudet School for the Deaf

815 words - 4 pages The Gallaudet School of the Deaf is a University in Washington D.C. The school was first intended for the deaf and the blind. Mason Cogswell had a daughter, Alice, who was deaf. He, like any father, was worried about her education since she could not learn like normal children. Cogswell found out that in England Thomas Braidwood had started a deaf school, so he sent the most trusted person he knew to investigate the school. He convinced his

History and Significance of the Glasgow School of Art

1675 words - 7 pages The Glasgow School of Art was built by Charles Rennie Mackintosh from 1897 - 1909 in Glasgow, Scotland.  In 1897, Mackintosh won a competition for the design of the Glasgow Building.  However, it was a difficult piece of land to build on because of the very steep slope.  The front end is located on Renfrew Street while the backside stretched down the steep hill.  The Glasgow School of Art is constructed primarily out of wood

The History of School Uniforms in the United States

1415 words - 6 pages The history of school uniforms in the United States public schools begins with small underprivileged school of Cherry Hill Elementary in Maryland and the domino effect that happened soon after in the years after. The popularity of school uniforms can greatly be credited to the Long Beach, California study and President Bill Clinton’s speech on the topic. At first, school uniforms were only for the private or Catholic private schools however the

modern day historians challenged the traditional accountsof the Spanish conquest of the americas - University college dublin, Debates in history - essay

3220 words - 13 pages Question: How has recent Historiography challenged different accounts and perceptions of the Spanish conquest of the America’s and of the Spanish inquisition. Cruelty, Greed, Fanaticism, Aggression and Ruthlessness are all ways the Spanish were perceived to have been throughout history, mainly during the periods of the Spanish conquest and colonization of the America’s and the Spanish Inquisition. These popular views and accounts of the Spanish

The creation of the Ancient Egyptian Calendar and twenty four hour time had a significant impact on modern societies

802 words - 3 pages The Ancient Egyptian calendar and twenty four hour time has had a significant impact on modern society. The Ancient Egyptians were the first people to make a calendar that was accurate with the Sun and Seasons. The Ancient Egyptians also had devices to calculate the time of the day and night. Over the years other civilisations have made the calendar better.It has taken modern Egyptologists many years to tie together the information from burials

The Benefits of Home Schooling. A short essay which compares home schooling to the traditional public school and lists many of the benefits of home schooling

1396 words - 6 pages The Benefits of Home SchoolingThe education in our public schools has been on the down slope for many years. With the increased amount of drugs, school shootings, and other dementia in these schools, more and more parents are making the choice to home school their children. Although many people claim that public education is better and more suitable for children, many facts and statistics show that home schooling is equally, if not more

The Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas

4118 words - 16 pages . Some of their parents work in offices and factories. When they go home from school, they are taught how to be good Kickapoo and perform properly in ceremonies. Similar to how Americans are taught how to act during certain social functions like weddings and such. So now you have met the Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas. You’ve learned about their lives, seen their journeys, and traveled with them from the past to the present. In all I hope this paper gives a greater understanding of the history and a look into another culture to broaden minds.

The Disadvantages of Homeschooling vs Traditional Education

1632 words - 7 pages lack of socialization while homeschooling. The author, in the website of, claims that “Keeping your child out of a traditional school environment greatly inhibits their access to other children.” In other words, homeschooled children will not have the chance to communicate with other students; therefore, they will not be able to fully develop their communication skills. Homeschooling will limit the children’s life since

Similar Essays

The Possibility Of Year Round Schooling Vs. The Traditional School Calendar

1930 words - 8 pages Family vacations, pool memberships, and corn de-tasseling; these have been the experiences of traditional Midwestern summers. For centuries young American children have attended school during the winter months, during farming off seasons when their families could afford to be without them. Families have grown accustomed to a traditional school calendar that provides time for bonding throughout the year. Students have grown accustomed to an

Elongation Of The School Calendar Essay

783 words - 4 pages college to become a teacher so they should enjoy doing what they “love” longer. “The advantages of a longer school year are obvious, but how we’d implement it is less clear” (Boyd 1). However they are incorrect there are many other ways to increase test scores. Student learning, social life, and financial problems are reasons elongating the school calendar is not recommended. Students, teachers, parents, and other school faculty and staff all can

We Should Not Change The School Calendar

938 words - 4 pages -Brown). Also, it would be hard for sports teams in different districts to coordinate practice times, because they are on different school schedules (Lehrer). Next, summer is important for family relationships and traditions. For divorced families, year-round school would make it hard to reunite. Lastly, there's a wide range of opportunity for family time together in the traditional school calendar (Bussard). Although family time is important, so

The Aztec Calendar And The National Museum Of Anthropology

1421 words - 6 pages ; they were wiped out by European weapons and diseases. There are several artifacts from their civilization remaining; however, the Aztec Calendar may be the most famous. The Aztec Calendar, which resides in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, is a fascinating piece of history that is still being deciphered and examined. The National Museum of Anthropology (or Museo Nacional de Antropología) in Mexico City possesses the largest