Torture is defined as the use of physical or mental pain, often to obtain information, to punish a person, or to control members of a group. Torture has been ongoing since the early ages of man. Many organizations attempt to stop the use of torture for any of the above mentioned reasons through conventions, protests and lobbying government officials to change laws. Such organizations as the Geneva Convention, the United Nations and Amnesty International are just some of the advocates for human rights who attempt to stop torture.
The Geneva Convention began with a man named Henry Dunant. Henry witnessed many soldiers hurt and lying in the fields after the battle of Solferino in 1959 and felt as though he had to do something to try to protect these men from further harm. Dunant held an unofficial international conference which invited representatives from countries across the world to discuss what they could do to protect soldiers out in the field. Twelve countries helped create and signed a treaty which is now known as the Geneva Convention. The Third Geneva Convention regards to Prisoner’s of War (POW’s) and states that POW’s must be: treated humanely, enabled to inform their next of kin of their capture, allowed to receive relief parcels and correspond with relatives, supplied with adequate food and water, and given adequate medical care among other things. (International Committee of the Red Cross, 2008).
Amnesty International was inspired by a British lawyer named Peter Benenson. He wrote an article called “The forgotten prisoners” in 1961 about freedom. The article was printed all over the world and was the starting point for an international meeting. Representatives from all over the world attended this meeting. Amnesty International focuses on making human rights known and heard all over the world and ultimately putting an end to cases of human rights abuses. (Amnesty International, 2008)
In 1899 the International Press Conference was held in The Hague to get specific on rules and regulations regarding...