History of Women in Sports
For most of human history, athletic competition has been regarded as an exclusively masculine affair. Women weren't aloud to watch most sporting events let alone participate in them. Not till late 19th century did women really begin participating in sporting events. Although women were permitted to participate in many sports, relatively few showed interest, for a variety of social and psychological reasons that are still poorly understood. Title IX declares: "No person in the U.S. shall, on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal aid." Therefore sex should not deem females athletic ability as inferior in comparison to men. Women are physically, mentally, and emotionally capable of playing any sport just as men are.
There has been claims saying that women are not as strong as men, women do not have the physical capability to play sports, and that a woman's place is in the home rather than on the playing field. These claims have been in existence since the beginning of time. Until pretty much the 19th century these claims kept woman from participating in any physical activities. Before this time men were the only ones allowed to be apart of the Olympics, participate in sports, and even attend these events. Women were basically only allowed to work around the house, cooking and cleaning. People would try to keep women from playing sports because they believed women are fragile and it has also been said that women do not have the skills or talents to play and compete alongside men.
"Brenna Rushing said it best when she wrote “The SMU women’s basketball team wins games; the men’s team wins fans” in an article that appeared in the Daily Campus in April of 2009." Disappointing enough, no matter how bad the men's team is it will always have more fans watching the sporting event then at that of a female. "Research suggests that the male dominance of sports significantly undermines the legitimacy of the female athlete" (Messner, 1988; Smith, 2001). Men dominate athletics in the United States. In many sports women have had to prove their athletic ability and passion for their sport in order to be looked at as a legitimate women flounder among a sea of male athletes.
"In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, women's sport was conducted through women's physical education departments and adhered to the motto, "A sport for every girl, and a girl for every sport" (Hult, 1994)" (Waldron). Some people believed that all women should have the opportunity of experiencing the joy of sports. In this time women were allowed to participate in inter school competitions, but they were not recognized in winning schools. Throughout the 20th century women began flourishing and more opportunities opened up. Although many white American were competing women of color and Hispanic females were pretty much left...