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Key Vocabulary Terms From American History In The Early 1900s

1565 words - 7 pages

1. Muckrakers- a name given to American journalist in the first decade of the 20th century. It’s originally derived from the name “muckrake” used in former President Theodore Roosevelt’s speech in 1906. Roosevelt saw them as irresponsible and that they raked in trash. After he made it known that one in particular stirred up trouble and lies through his writings, they were known to cause turmoil and scandal through yellow journalism, which distorted and exaggerated information in order to get more people to read the articles and attract their attention. Their attentions weren’t always bad. They made the print in articles more powerful than they previously were because they used writing as an outlet to express what they felt Congress needed to change.

2. 19th Amendment- ratified in 1920 and added to the U.S Constitution, guaranteed American women the right to vote. It was first bought to Congress’s attention in 1878. This amendment made it so citizens of America weren’t denied their right to vote based on gender. This amendment is also known as women suffrage because prior to 1920 women were denied their right to vote. It wasn’t until the Seneca Falls convention, which was held by Elizabeth Cady Stanton along with other activists in New York, in the year 1848, that there was a push for women’s rights and women’s equality. That convention brought attention to the right that women deserve the right to vote just as much as men do.

3. Niagara Movement- beginning in 1905, tired of racial oppression, a group of African Americans, including W.E. B Dubois, who was the first African American to graduate from Harvard University, held a meeting in Niagara Falls. They wanted economic equality among races and equal educational opportunity. The group of African American individuals later established the Niagara Movement which set out to end racial injustice. The group demanded the freedom of speech, the freedom of press, the right to vote and putting an end to racial segregation in public places. This movement caught the attention of whites who believed in the same racial justice. Race riots started to occur in 1908 and 1909, specifically in Springfield Illinois. In 1909 the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) was formed with the help of white liberals and W.E.B Dubois.

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4. Meat Inspection Act- after Upton Sinclairs publication of “The Jungle” in 1906, which was a novel that explained in gruesome detail the unhealthy conditions of the meatpacking industry in Chicago, the public was disgusted and demanded for a change in the meat industry and that the industry gets further looked into. Also known as the Federal Meat Inspection Act (FIMA), passed by congress in 1906, ensures to check the quality of food and inspect all meat. It requires the examination of animals before they are slaughtered and inspection of all carcasses. The act also makes it so all labeled ingredients on food packages are accurate, however...

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