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History Rome Paper

756 words - 4 pages

Ancient Romans had a staple food routine, depending on their classes. In ancient Rome, there were two main classes: the patricians, who were the upper class, and the plebeians, who were the lower class. The patricians included the emperor, who was at the top of this social class, the patricians and wealthy people themselves, below the emperor, the senators, who were below the patricians, and the equestrians, who were the wealthy business people and merchants, at the bottom of the patrician class. The plebeian class included the common people, or they themselves, at the top, the freed people below the common people, and the slaves at the bottom of the plebeian class. All these people more or ...view middle of the document...

For their dinner, which was the main meal of the day, the patricians would have a variety of things. The meal would start at 3 P.M with the appetizer, which was called gustatio or promulsio. This typically consisted of salads, radishes, mushrooms, eggs, oysters, sardines, and other sea foods. For the main course, or prima mensa, of the dinner, patricians would have meat, which included beef and poultry, fish, which included mackerel and mullet, and vegetables, which included radishes and lentils. For dessert, or secunda mensa, the patricians would have fruit (mainly grapes), cakes, puddings or nuts. This was followed by the drinking of wine. Patrician dinners could be slightly extravagant like this, more extravagant, or very simple. A simple dinner consisted of tuna fish brine as a starter, lamb with beans and fresh greens for the main course and fresh fruit and vintage wine for dessert. These foods are what the patricians only ate as part of their daily diet or meals.
The plebeians ate different foods from the plebeians. For the breakfast, or ientaculum, the plebeians ate water with dry bread or bread dipped with wine, which was sometimes sprinkled with olives, cheese, and/or raisins....

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