The fifteenth century and on was a time when Europeans traveled across the Atlantic Ocean from their homelands to the newly found land of America. The discovery of the Caribbean islands by Christopher Columbus led the entryway for Europeans into America. Countries such as England, France, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherlands established Colonies in America for reasons such as exploration, wealth, trade, land and religious reasons. The main powers involved in the Colonization of America were England, Spain, and France, whom set up colonies in North and South America. Each of these countries had distinctive methods and structures to their colonies. The Spanish monarchy funded voyages and were interested in creating wealth, claiming the land and converting the indigenous people to their Catholic religion. The French were interested in wealth by trade of fur and sugar and for the most part had a cooperative relationship with the Natives. England was also interested in exploring America and created a system where companies and individuals whom wanted to go could make a the journey could arrange their own voyages to sail across the Atlantic. The English colonies were very independent colonies of each other and governed for purposes that were determined by the colony, though were required to remain loyal to the Monarchy. Though some wanted to escape English persecution and pursue their religious belief in a new land, some were interested in making their fortune, some interested in finding new land to settle on. In the end, with the discovery and colonization of America by Christopher Columbus’s was the start of many significant changes in he world and for which would eventually lead America to be the country it is today.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus gained support from the King and Queen of Spain, in order to voyaged across the Atlantic Ocean searching for the best route to Asia. However, instead of Asia he made landfall in what is known today as the Bahamas, Haiti, and Dominican Republic. His fleet was met with nonviolent indigenous people though Christopher Columbus did not treat the indigenous people with the same non-violent ways. He eventually would claim their land for Spain and on a voyage back to Spain take many Natives to sell as slaves. On his return, he then created a force labor policy for the indigenous people. He continued to explore new land making his way to South American where he continued to conquer the lands and continue the forced labor policy.
Eventually, the Spanish settlers wanted a share of the land and its people, so in 1499, Columbus was forced to turn over both land and native people to individual Spanish colonists. This was the beginning of the encomienda and repartimiento systems, which provided the colonists with forced labor. For the Spanish, this arrangement yielded untold wealth. (ONeill, 2014, para. 5)
The Spanish colonized and held a strong Imperial control over South America, Caribbean Islands,...