1. Plato, a Greek philosopher, was born around 428 B.C. in Athens. One of his theories was that knowledge is something a person is born with, regardless of experience. He also believed that the mind was separate from the body. Plato also founded the first institution of learning called the Academy; this is where the word academic inherits from.
2. Aristotle, a student of Plato’s was born around 384 B.C. He went against Plato saying that one obtains knowledge as they grow.
3. Rene Descartes born in 1596, found out the basis of nerves by dissecting animals. By doing so, he found that these “animal spirits” connected the brain and mussels, through the nerves. Descartes also believed that the ...view middle of the document...
Going along with his conscious mind, he considered dreams to be the “royal road to the unconscious”. In saying that some of the repressed materials one holds comes to awareness through dreams.
6. 1879- Wilhelm Wundt conducted the first experiment in psychology. Wundt’s experiment took a measurement on how long humans responded to sound and how long it took them to react to the sound (by pushing a button)
7. 1882 - The Society for Psychical Research was founded in England. The first president of the Society for Psychical Research was Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900). This society conducted scientific research on claims of psychic powers. This research was done to see if these powers actually existed and if they did how they were obtained, achieved and how they operated.
8. 1877- G. Stanley Hall founded the Psychology. This was the first English language journal that was based on experimental psychology. Later to come, G. Stanley hall then founded the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1892. There were only 31 members to start and G. Stanley Hall was the first president. Now there are 130,000 members. The APA looks to achieve an organization that is effective and influential in advancing psychology as a science.
9. 1905- Mary Whiton Calkins was the first women to earn a degree in Psychology. Harvard refused to give her the degree. She also became the first women president of the American Psychological Association.
10. 1936- Piaget was the first to do a study on cognitive development. Piaget brought fourth many theories such as theory of cognitive child development. Prior to Piaget, it was thought that children were less competent in thinking than adults. Piaget showed that children go about a different way of thinking than the adolescent way. He studied differently than priors by dealing with the development of children. There are three stages in Piaget’s cognitive study. These components include: Schemas (the building blocks of knowledge),...