Hitler as a Totalitarian Dictator
In order for me to begin answering the question whether or not Hitler
was a totalitarian dictator I must first identify the significance of
the key phrase ‘Totalitarian Dictator’ exactly what it means and what
factors of a totalitarian dictator were employed in Germany.
I believe a totalitarian dictator must attempt to control every aspect
of life for the people of the nation also dictate as a single party
and only one ruler, they should also have full control over aspects
such as the media and what gets into papers; on the television and on
the radio, the education system and the way the new generation is
taught, the states economy and social life. A totalitarian dictator
would also show very nationalistic views although the use of military
is used to hold order and obedience.
The encyclopaedia Britannica gives the definition:
“In the broadest sense, totalitarianism is characterized by strong
central rule that attempts to control and direct all aspects of
individual life through coercion and repression. The state achieves
popularity through a strong, charismatic leader.”
To answer the question, I must adopt the factors stated above and
compare them to the example of Hitler and Nazi Germany in order to
decide what extent Hitler was a totalitarian Dictator.
Some of the features of a totalitarian dictator Hitler has been
employing even before he had much power. These were the use of
violence and terror to influence and control people, and it was a main
weapon for Hitler against radicals and anyone who would speak out
about his ideas.
Hitler set up the SS and Gestapo to take care of these people and
although they were effective units or repression they were not as
dominant in Germany as often thought.
It was the reports given by the people of Germany that allowed the
Gestapo to make arrests and maintain effective authoritarianism.
Through encouraging the uncorroborated gossip that spreads in any
community and taking this as tangible evidence, the Nazi party and
more predominantly the Gestapo were able to preserve a degree of
control over people’s everyday lives.
It was one of Hitler’s aims right from the begging to destroy any
other opposing political party and swiftly did he do this. In 1933
when Hitler became chancellor he persuaded the Reichstag to pass an
Enabling Law on 23rd of March. Shortly after Hitler banned any new
parties to be formed and created a one party state. The Communist
Party and Social Democratic Party were outlawed and over time as other
parties saw no purpose for being together they voluntarily disbanded.
Trade Unions were abolished and instead the German Labour Front was
set up led by Robert Ley. It became illegal for bosses to sack workers
or for the worker to leave a job without Govt acquiescence....