Hitler Leader Essay

8396 words - 34 pages

How useful are life histories to students of leadership: A case study of Adolf Hitler
Mr John Parr
UK Student Disclaimer
"The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of the UK Ministry of Defence, or any other
department of Her Britannic Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom. Further, such views should not be considered as constituting an official
endorsement of factual accuracy, opinion, conclusion or recommendation of the UK Ministry of Defence, or any other department of Her Britannic
Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom".
"© Crown Copyright 2012-05-30

i
Abstract
This dissertation aims to answer the questions "What are the philosophical and social
science research issues that derive from the use of autobiography and biographical studies
in the formation of leadership theory, and whether it is possible or advisable to use such an
approach in the first place". In short, how useful are life histories to students of leadership? A
single case study design is adopted that focuses on Adolf Hitler. The limitations of this design
and type of case study work are recognised by the researcher and have been highlighted in
the dissertation. I have used a critical literature review methodology (after Petticrew &
Roberts: 2006) to identify and choose (based on credibility and representative of the
discipline) four contemporary leadership theorists' work (Adair: 2002; Burns: 1978; Gardner:
1996; and Grint: 2000). They have all sought to explain Hitler in terms of universal leadership
maxims and to use the example of Hitler to support the development of their own leadership
paradigms. I argue that their body of work provides, as far as the single case study is
concerned, sufficient data to assess the utility of autobiography and biographical studies in
the field of leadership theory development. The results from my critical hermeneutic analysis
of the texts indicate that the authors' research approach does not conform to the basic
principles of social science research, particularly in the areas of credibility, transferability,
reliability and objectivity. In addition, from a historiography position, and the norms that
obtain in that discipline, I argue that the authors have not engaged adequately with the
relevant primary sources. From this particular case study I therefore conclude that the four
authors' findings on leadership from their studies of Adolf Hitler should, at best, be treated
with extreme caution. Finally, I recommend that further comparative work on other "great
leaders" is needed to assess whether the general approach to social science leadership
theory development, based on an historical biographical approach, requires further attention.

ii
Acknowledgements
One of the more pleasant aspects of writing a dissertation is to thank those who have helped
me in my journey. A big thanks goes to Mike Dunn, colleague and supervisor, who has given
much of his time and provided...

Find Another Essay On Hitler Leader

nazi revison Essay

614 words - 2 pages that the SA take over the army. Hitler cannot afford to annoy the businessmen or the army, so the SS murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents. 19 Aug 1934 Führer - when Hindenburg dies, Hitler declares himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army. Event Result Reichstag fire Hitler used the fire to his advantage in two ways: It gave him an

About Hitler and his road to taking power, his life, and his role in the Holocaust.

635 words - 3 pages Germany yet again sunk into chaos, they were desperate for a leader who could rescue them. When von Hindenburg died in 1934, Hitler was promoted from chancellor to president. Germany was eager for an energetic leader who they thought could save them, and Hitler was the chosen one. He earned this position legally, through an election. His speeches were inspiring and really convinced people to join his side and vote for him for president. Hitler incited

Adolf Hitler

1033 words - 5 pages versailles because it took almost everything away from Germany and blamed the war on them. After the war in 1919 Hitler began to find that he was very interested in politics and joined the German Workers Party an anti-semitic group. During this time he realized how powerful speech could be and how he could use it to gain support. By 1921 he was the leader of the newly renamed National Socialist German Workers’ Party or Nazi. As Germany’s economy

The Man Behind the Symbols

2505 words - 10 pages "Become strong again in spirit, strong in will, strong in endurance, strong to bare all sacrifices ("Hitler Quotes n.pag.)" A leader to some, the murderer of millions, Adolf Hitler influenced the world with great impact on the minds and hears of all that would follow for generations. Adolf Hitler reigned with an iron heart and the goal of an absolute Aryan race throughout German. Hitler's psychosis on achieving a true Germany lead Europe

Hitler's Becoming a Dictator

1367 words - 5 pages of the Nazi party who were loyal personally to Hitler) to kill 200 members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Rohm. He did this because the SA had a lot of socialist views and wanted the SA and the army to come together with Ernst Rohm as leader. Neither Hitler, President Hindenburg or the army wanted this as the SA’s socialist views were completely against Hitler ruling Germany in a dictatorship. By using the SS to kill

The Charismatic Hitler

925 words - 4 pages nationalistic figure" (Soldwedel). Hitler was promising a new elite national Germany that would be a leading world power; a world power that was denied Germany in World War I. The German population felt that in Hitler they had a potential leader that understood his people and his country -- a leader who could repair the ailing Germany. "It is as if [Hitler] spoke to each individual..." (Perry 380). In addition to his influential personality, Adolf

Hitler

843 words - 4 pages Adolf Hitler is one of the most disreputable individuals in human history. He caused millions of deaths. Hitler was born on April 20th, 1889 Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary. He was an Austrian-born politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party. Hitler was in World War 1, who led the Nazi Party in Weimar Germany. He founded Nazism, the start of World War 2, and the Holocaust. In the end of the war, during the Battle of

nazi

875 words - 4 pages Jews, and finally the Holocaust ended. Hitler gained power in 1933, but during that time, in the 1930’s was the economic depression. This hit Germany hard, millions of people had no work and they were without money and a house, and even sometimes without food. Germany had a very weak government, they were desperate for a leader, and that’s where Adolf Hitler came in. Hitler and the Nazis got 33% of the German votes and Hitler became chancellor

Deutsch über jeden, Mein Kampf Essay

788 words - 3 pages political ideology, extreme militarism and anti-Semitism make him one of the most radical leaders in history.When Adolf Hitler started writing Mein Kampf in Munich’s jail, he thought of himself as a next supreme leader of German race. He believed that he will be able to provide Germans with enough living space and make German state a superior unified body which will rule other races. The first thing that was on his way to achieve Mein Kampf

The collapse of peace by 1939

1004 words - 5 pages and Germany. Prior to the treaty of Versailles Germany and Austria were tightly bound before they were torn apart. Hitler wanted the unification to reoccur and made his intentions very clear. Several Austrians encouraged the idea of union with Germany, since their country was so economically frail. Hitler called for a plebiscite to decide whether the union would pull through. After the leader of Austria declined the people called for

Adolf Hitler

1190 words - 5 pages save the country. After the war, Hitler's speaking successes led him to the position of an observer of political groups in the Munich. The German Workers' Party (later renamed as National Socialist German Workers' Party) worked on the same ideas as Hitler - violent racial nationalism and anti-Semitism. Hitler quickly became the new spokesman for the party. Soon, Hitler had gathered enough support to be chosen as Führer (absolute leader) of

Similar Essays

Hitler: Leader Or Dictator Essay

1333 words - 5 pages Adolf Hitler was not born into power; instead he was elected as chancellor and later became dictator after president Hindenburg died in office. His rise to power can be traced back when he became leader of a group called the National Socialist German Workers Party, which would later be known as the Nazi Party. After a failed attempt at an up rise in Munich, he was sent to prison for 9 months. When he was released, he regrouped and reformed the

Was Hitler A Great Leader Or A Monster?

881 words - 4 pages world.Hitler was in many ways a great leader and his influence on the German people was immense; he used his motivational and powerful speaking abilities to gain support and popularity. Hitler knew how to appeal to people's baser instincts and made use of their fears and insecurities. He could do that, however, only because they were willing to be led, even though his programme was one of hatred and violence. Hitler was extremely Anti-Semetic and when

Adolf Hitler From Youthful Failure To Mighty Leader

1915 words - 8 pages Adolf Hitler From Youthful Failure to Mighty Leader Few individuals have been able to change the ideals of others; Adolph Hitler was one such individual. His worldly impact began in the 1920’s and continues today. He is associated with both chaos and the complete destruction of many innocent lives. Hitler’s ideology developed when an economic collapse occurred in Germany. He offered ideas to the desperate people of Germany that they could

Hitlers Black Sheep Essay

1086 words - 5 pages than in anyone else. He’s the only one who’s kept his promises” (Wiesel 77). As Germany’s leader, Hitler took it upon himself to attack the Jewish population, making him infamously unforgettable. Adolf Hitler was Germany’s worst leader because he placed millions of people in inhumane situations, sentenced millions to death, and left his country in ruins. Hitler was Germany’s worst leader because he placed millions of people in inhumane