Hitler's Road to Defeat
Adolf Hitler's statement "there shall never again be a November 1918" clarifies his fierce rage by the abortive November 1918 revolution in Germany and as well as the humiliating defeat in WWI. His career focus was to rescue a humiliated German nation from democratic ideology, the shackles of the Treaty of Versailles and "eliminate 'internationalism', by which he meant the Jews within the German Empire" (Haffner: 10), to create a Greater-German nationalism under despotic rule.
The Weimar constitution, "modeled on that of the parliamentary German Empire," (Haffner: 53) embodied the beaurocratic system of which Hitler was so adamantly opposed. Hitler blamed the Weimar Republic and it's far-leftist philosophy for the socio-economic crisis that hit Germany in the early 1900's. Desperate situations require a strong sense of leadership to overcome extenuating circumstances. The Weimar Republic was neither prepared nor capable of ending Germany's depression. Hitler credited this incompetence to Democracy and capitalized on the failure. During the depression, Germany experienced mass unemployment, social dissolution, fear and indignation. Hitler played on national resentments, feeling of revolt and the desire for strong leadership in order to occupy the "vacuum which the disappearance of the monarchy had left behind, and which the Weimar Republic was unable to fill since it was neither accepted by the revolutionaries of November 1918 nor their opponents." (Haffner: 15) This began the abolition of what Hitler believed to be the first mistake of early twentieth century Germany, Democracy.
Amid this political and economic turmoil, on June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was ratified by the German democratic government. This forced Germany to accept responsibility for the war, and to pay large war reparations. The German army was reduced to a mere 100,000 men and was forbidden the possession of submarines or military aircraft. The disgraceful effect this treaty had on the German nation sparked passion and desire in many Germans, including Hitler, "to make Germany the absolute, irresistible leading power in Europe." (Haffner: 64) In all actuality, the German public never truly accepted the Treaty of Versailles as a reality, because it was formed and signed under forced coercion, and therefore, erroneous in their minds. "It was not, as other European peace treaties in the past had been negotiated and agreed between victors and vanquished." (Haffner: 63)...