Hitler's Story Essay

1221 words - 5 pages

Hitler's Story

Hitler became chancellor in January 1933. At this stage he was not the
dictator of Germany. The night of the long knives helped him to
establish his dictatorship. However, there were other aspects, which
helped him extend his control.

As soon as Hitler was in power, new elections were called. In the
middle of the Reichstag campaign, the Reichstag building went up in
flames. It was this, which allowed Hitler to increase his control over
Germany.

On 27th February the Reichstag caught fire. When they police arrived
they found Marinus van der Lubbe on the premises. He confessed to
starting the Reichstag Fire. However he denies that he was part of a
Communist conspiracy. Hermann Goering refuses to believe him and he
orders the arrest of several leaders of the German Communist
Party.
When Hitler heard the news about the fire he gave orders that all
leaders of the German Communist Party should "be hanged that very
night." Hindenburg didn’t agree but he did agree that Hitler should
take "dictatorial powers". Shaken Hindenburg, was easily convinced
that the nation was on the verge of a communist revolution, was
induced by Hitler to sign an emergency decree. KPD candidates in the
election were arrested and Goering announced that the Nazi Party
planned "to exterminate" German communists.

In the March 5 elections the Nazis got their best ever result. Yet
despite that, the election still failed to give the Nazis an overall
majority. The Nazi party won 288 seats out of a possible 359 seats.
What Hitler wanted now, was an “enabling law” which could give him all
the power. He could pass new laws without even consulting the
Reichstag. And effectively allow him to establish a dictatorship. The
Nationalists were prepared to support him in this, but even then
Hitler wouldn’t have the two thirds of the votes needed. After he
got his enabling act, the Reichstag had in effect voted itself out of
existence. It had voted to introduce a Nazi
dictatorship. ...

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