Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the small western Indian state of Porbandar under the name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ("Ghandi's Life") . When Gandhi was finished with high school, he entered a small Indian college, the Samaldas College at the University of Bombay ("Mahatma"). After beginning his education here, however, he decided he disliked and traveled to the University College London, leaving his wife and infant son ("Ghandi's Life"). It was while attending school in London that he initially became exposed to the diversity of the world; he pursued the study of religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism ("Mahatma"). After being admitted to the English Bar, Gandhi returned to India. He, however, had a difficult time finding work, and in 1893 he accepted a year’s contract to practice law in Natal, South Africa ("Mahatma").
When living in Africa, Gandhi was exposed to the harsh system of ‘apartheid ("Mahatma").’ While his contract was only for a year, he remained in South Africa for the next twenty-one years ("Mahatma"). Once, when riding a train in the first class section, he was thrown from his seat ("Mahatma"). While a relatively minor event, this occasion showed the extreme racial bias within South Africa, and motivated Gandhi to fight for his beliefs of equality ("Mahatma"). After he founded a political movement called the Natal Indian Congress, he formed his personal beliefs on non-violence into a political stance ("Mahatma").
When Gandhi’s twenty one years in South Africa had concluded, he returned to India in 1916 ("Mahatma"). He continued to develop his platform of non-violent civil disobedience by raising awareness of the racial persecution in Bihar, where people were heavily oppressed by their British masters ("Mahatma"). He became a strong advocate of peaceful strikes and protests as methods of voicing opinions ("Mahatma"). At this point in his career, he became very well-known, and people began referring to him as “Mahatma” or “Great Soul ("Mahatma").” He was not born with the title “Mahatma”; rather it is a title placed on people who deserve that honor ("Mahatma"). By 1921, he was the leader of the Indian National Congress and was responsible for reorganizing the party’s constitution around the concept of “Swaraj,” political independence from the British ("Mahatma"). He also led a boycott of all British goods and institutions ("Mahatma"). On March 10th, 1922 Gandhi was arrested and served 2 years of a 6 year prison sentence for sedition ("Mahatma").
While Gandhi was serving his time in jail, the Indian National Congress lost its publicity and momentum ("Mahatma"). In fact it did not return to the public eye until 1928 when it campaigned for Britain to grant India “dominion status,” which gave a state the ability to self-govern its people, while still remaining under control of the British monarchy (Alcock). In 1930, Britain introduced a tax on salt and Gandhi responded by leading a 250...