Hitler Youth Essay

846 words - 3 pages

Hitler wanted to turn all the young Germans into loyal Nazis. The greatest influences on young Germans were their families, schools and youth movements. Therefore, the Nazis formed their own youth movement in 1922, it was known as the Hitler - Jugend (Hitler youth).By the year 1933, the membership had grown to 100,000. Once Hitler came to power all other youth movements were abolished which helped Hitler youth grow quickly. In 1936, the figure stood at 4 million members because it had become all but compulsory to join the Hitler youth.At the age of 10 boys joined the Deutsches Jungvolk (Germany Young People) until they turned 13, when they moved on to the Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth) until age 18. The boys were taught to use weapons, build up their physical strength, taught war strategies and were indoctrinated in anti - Semitism. Although Hitler had the boy scouts "outlawed" he appropriated some of their activities though changed in content and intention. The Hitler Youth program was based on Hitler's anti-intellectualism. Physical, rather than mental development was stressed and outdoor activities dominated the program. Most of the boys training resembled "soldier training", this involved throwing grenade - like objects, crawling under barbed wire, learning to jump off high platforms into the sea and climbing over tall obstacles. Their slogan was "youth must be led by youth". It was, however, very misleading. The boys were encouraged to question or even reject some authority figures, such as parents or church leaders, which appealed to many boys. They, however, had to accept Nazi principles without question.The Nazis trained and treated the boys in Hitler Youth in this manner because they (Hitler and the Nazis) had the basic belief and motivation of training future "Aryan supermen" and future soldiers who would serve the third Reich faithfully."I begin with the young. We older ones are all used up. We are rotten to the marrow. We are cowardly and sentimental. We are bearing the burden of a humiliating past and have in our blood the dull recollection of serfdom and servility. But my magnificent youngsters! Are there any finer ones in the world? Look at these young men and boys! What material! With them, I can make a new world. This is the heroic stage of the youth. Out of it will come the creative man, the man-god. "Adolf HitlerHitler Youth Leader Bauder von Schirach once said, "It was my task to educate the youth in the aims, ideology and directives of the Nazi party, and beyond this to direct...

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