HIV infections in African American Males have been a national growing problem since the early 1990’s. According to CDC, In the United States, there are more than 1 million people living with HIV. 48 percent are afro American males. It estimate that around 1 million people in the United States will be diagnose with HIV in the up coming year with the lifetime risk of becoming infected is 1 in 16 for black males (CDC,2007).
There is growing concern about the disproportionate increase of HIV among afro American males ages 13-19 with low social- economic demographics ( ). Although, Poverty is a major contributor to the African American epidemic; the primary risk factors and the root of the problem that contribute to the increase is unprotected sex among heterosexual and male to male. The majority of these adolescent Afro- American males believe that they feel safe and have a long life ahead of them
The inability to use condoms is a major contributing factor to the Afro- American population thought the community. During the first two years of high school is a time that peer-influence can place these Afro American adolescent at high risk for unprotected sex. Having unprotected sex is an issue that has concerned health educator for many years. Given this problem, a Health Educator needs an intervention strategy that goes beyond education to increase condom use. Although, these Afro- American male are fully aware of the severity of the infection; there is a need to address the barriers that prevent them from using a condom during sex. According to the (National Institute of Health, 2007), a consistent use of condoms has been found to reduce the risk of HIV transmission by 87-95 percent. Healthy people 2010 25-11 objective is to Increase the proportion of adolescent who abstain from sexual intercourse or use condoms if currently condom use sexual active. In order to decrease the spread of HIV, the trans-theoretical model (behavior change) and the Social Cognitive theory () is most use when implementing a condom prevention program.
Since the Trans-theoretical model is one of the leading intervention for behavior change ( ). To better approach behavior change toward condom use, the four constructs used are pre-contemplation, contemplation, action and self-efficacy. NIH recently reported, condoms have been found to reduce the risk of HIV transmission by 87-95 percent. This primary data is the base to provide a school wide condom prevention program as an intervention. This program is design to make condom use available to those Afro-American males that are sexual active.
Objective by the end of the year, 45% of Afro American sexual active males are using condoms.
In the pre-contemplation- contemplation – Students are aware of HIV Prevention methods. In order to change their behavior toward thinking about condom use, during the health education class each student will receive education literature on using condoms as prevention. In...