History of HIV/AIDS
The first main cases started coming up around the early 1980s from those of homosexual males in New York and California. At the time, AIDS did not even have a name in the United States until later on after the cases were connected. The origin of HIV is believed to be a descendant of a similar disease that affected primates, or Simian Immunodeficiency Virus. This was discovered from a group of researchers at the University of Alabama in 1999 through a ten-year study of the virus. Some of the first cases of HIV were believed to have started around the 50s to the 60s through samples collected during this time. It was then realized through more research that the spread of HIV/AIDS has been going on since roughly between the late 1880s and the 1920s.
The idea about where the HIV virus started will always be a controversial topic because even with the knowledge researches have there are still debates as to exactly where the virus began to spread. The only real evidence researchers have of where the virus started are in parts of Africa or areas in that region. There are many theories about how this virus was spread. One theory is the "hunter" theory, in which the virus was spread through humans who killed and ate chimps, or through blood getting into cuts and wounds on the hunter (2011).
How HIV is Transmitted
HIV is known as the human immunodeficiency virus, and it can lead to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, better known as AIDS. There are a lot of myths about how this virus can be transmitted. The most common was it is transmitted is through blood or sexual body fluids. It has to get past your skin and into your body somehow i.e. a cut. HIV is transmitted from person to person by contact of some sort or through unprotected sex. It can be transmitted through the use of sharing needles and syringes or through birth and breast-feeding. Once it enters your body, the virus takes over the T cells and uses them to help replicate itself. The T cells burst and are destroyed.
The virus begins to destroy the body’s immune system and then the person who was infected is more susceptible to other infections, which can cause death because the body cannot fight of any new infection. The affects may not show up for years, it varies person to person (“Center for disease,” 2011).
Children Living With HIV
There over 1,000 children infected with the HIV/AIDS virus. Out of all of these children, it is possible that half of them will die due to complications related to HIV because they do not have access to treatment. However, millions more children will see the pain and suffering of HIV in their families and communities, and this will indirectly affect them. In 2010, there was an estimated 390,000 children became newly affected with HIV. When children receive treatment, it slows down the virus and allows them to live longer, healthier lives. The treatment costs are very expensive, and this is a major problem that these children...