Hiv/Aids, Women's Human Rights And The Declaration Of Commitment On Hiv/Aids: The Principal Obstacles For The Implementation Of The Declaration In Georgia

6693 words - 27 pages

HIV/AIDS, Women's Human Rights and the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS:The principal obstacles for the implementation of the Declaration in GeorgiaAll of us must recognize AIDS as our problem. All of us must make it our priority.Kofi Annan, UN Secretary General, 25 June, 2001Why cannot I have the operation? Why cannot I?HIV-affected Georgian womanTwenty years have passed since the world first heard of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), which cause an incurable deterioration of health. During this period the epidemics has spread to every corner of the world. According to the statistics, it has killed almost 22 million people (UN, 2001). More than 36 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS, and every day, another 15,000 acquire the virus (UN, 2001). There is no other disease so dangerous nowadays for human immune system as HIV. There is no other disease so frequently discussed and referred to by the international organizations at their congregations and in their documents nowadays as HIV.Human rights of people affected by HIV is a prominent issue that is exposed to discrimination. Special attention should be given to women living with HIV, as along with girls, women are the most vulnerable group to be stricken by HIV. This problem was underlined at the United Nation General Assembly's Special Session on HIV/AIDS, which took place from June 25 to June 27 2001 in New York. There, after three days discussion, heads of states and representatives of governments from 189 Member States unanimously adopted the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS named "Global Crisis - Global Action". The Declaration outlined new measures and targets to combat the spread of the pandemic and to decrease its impact on societies.As a member state, the Republic of Georgia is obliged to follow the recommendations and proposals of the Declaration. However, Georgia still remains a state where a whole branch of different kinds of the violation of women's human rights can be found. Moreover, no effective monitoring systems for the promotion and protection of human rights of women living with HIV/AIDS have been established by 2003 (as the Declaration required) in Georgia.In this paper I would like to summarize the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS briefly in connection with Georgia, examine it from the point of women's human rights, and then to show what are the principal obstacles in Georgia towards the implementation of enjoyment of Women's Human Rights in general and Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS in particular.Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and Women's Human RightsThe Declaration consists of the preamble (1-36 paragraphs) and the following parts: Leadership; Prevention; Care, support and treatment; HIV/AIDS and human rights; Reducing vulnerability; Children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS; Alleviating social and economic impact; Research and development; HIV/AIDS in conflict and disaster...

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