Hiv/Aids Propelled The Study Of Sexuality

2046 words - 9 pages

The HIV/AIDS panic propelled the study of sexuality into the sociological mainstream, framing young people’s sexual relationships as an important strategy for discovering information that might minimise risk of the disease. For feminist analyses, this research simultaneously drew attention to social constructions of heterosexuality (Jackson, 1999; Allen, 2003), underlining sexual attitudes and behaviours centrally concerned around issues of desire, pleasure and power, and the degree to which women can subvert or challenge it within heterosexual relations. This essay examines recent debate regarding the nature and extent of power in terms of its ‘immutability’ and ‘instability’ in heterosexual relationships (Allen, 2003). It will examine research that suggests power is inescapably patriarchal and that heterosex represents the embodiment of men's domination and women's subordination (Holland et al, 1998; Chung, 2005), as well as claims that heterosexual relations are being contested; asserting agency to women and suggesting that male power is at some level vulnerable to subversion (Stewart, 1999; Allen, 2005).

Heterosexual feminist theories configure masculinity and femininity around gendered, normative standards of what it means to be masculine, and by default, feminine (Goldstein, 1994). Wilton (1997) notes the structural ‘heteropolarity’ maintained within the context of hegemonic heterosexuality, which asserts conventional femininity as ‘passivity, helplessness, and victimisation’ (Vance, 1984), in opposition to a super-ordinated masculinity; predicted upon independence, activity and the possession of sexual desire and power (Goldstein, 1994; Connell, 1987). Consequently, heterosexuality has often been theorised by feminists as a repressive, patriarchal institution that serves the interest of men, who exert power over women (Rich, 1980; Kitzinger & Wilkinson, 1994; Jackson, 1999). According to such gendered power relations, heterosexuality is thus predicted upon a man’s sexual pleasure and desires (Stewart, 1999), whilst female desire has been argued to be ‘not permissible, not imaginable, not there’ (Wilton, 1997), inhibiting the social acceptance of young women’s sexual needs and desires (West, 1999). It is the resistance to this subordination, which is the foundation of feminist political activism (Jackson, 1999).

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, an explicitly feminist group of researchers carried out the Women, Risk and AIDS Project (WRAP) and the smaller-scale Men, Risk and AIDS Project (MRAP) by conducting interviews with young people in the UK, which problematizes the sexual practices of the heterosexual youth (Holland et al. 1998). Whilst the authors had expected to find that heterosexuality was regulated by ‘two separate worlds of masculinity and femininity brought into collision in sexual encounters,’ through young people’s accounts of experiencing everyday heterosexuality it emerged that: ‘heterosexuality is not, as it appears to...

Find Another Essay On HIV/AIDS Propelled the Study of Sexuality

Spread of HIV Aids Essay

1808 words - 7 pages affairs it's wiser to wear a condomto prevent Aids. Many believe that gay men have a higher rate of getting Aids. The reason for that is because gay men usually have anal sex and thats one of the main source where the disease can get transmitted to another person. Blood to blood contact is another form to get Aids. 30 years ago, many wondered how do people get Aids. After years of studies Aids comes from HIV. Aids is the most advanced stage of HIV

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS Essay

2665 words - 11 pages 1. Introduction As ravaging effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic spreads, many businesses are realizing that the spread negatively affects their workforce, market and ultimately ability to earn profits (Sithole, 2007). Organizations now realize that HIV/AIDS is not simply a health issue, but a core business issue, as it affects the performance of infected employees and the company’s production and investments (Lisk, 2002; IFC, 2002). In response to

The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

1234 words - 5 pages blood transfusions. Twenty-two years later, this disease has taken the world by storm. HIV/AIDS is steadily rising in the United States population because people are having unprotected sex, sharing needles, and are not getting tested. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In HIV the virus attacks CD4 positive T cells (“HIV Infection”). These T cells are very important

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

1694 words - 7 pages HIV and AIDS have affected millions of people throughout the world. Since 1981, there have been 25 million deaths due to AIDS involving men, women, and children. Presently there are 40 million people living with HIV and AIDS around the world and two million die each year from AIDS related illnesses. The Center for Disease Control estimates that one-third of the one million Americans living with HIV are not aware that they have it. The earliest

How to Stop the Spread of AIDS and HIV

1663 words - 7 pages community within reach of people. Since the online realm isn’t tangible it’s hard to gain moral support from it. That is why in South Africa they have Y-centers to help those that have been afflicted by AIDS. Epstein explains the functions of the Y-center in her article “He or she had to complete a program of seminars about HIV, family planning, and other subjects related to sexuality and growing up” (155). As a community they must educate the youth

AIDS & HIV the causes effects and types of possible treatments

1406 words - 6 pages AIDS means acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS is past from person to person. The disease attacks the immune system which is not strong enough to fight this deadly disease. The AIDS disease has a number of symptoms and conditions that come with it. HIV causes the disease AIDS. HIV means human immunodeficiency virus. A virus is a very small organism that gets into a person's body and makes a disease. The virus HIV also only affects humans

Controlling the Spread HIV and AIDS of Sexually Active People

746 words - 3 pages HIV is a well-known sexually transmitted disease that should be taken seriously when it comes to a sexually active person. Sex is natural parts of life so take steps to make sure you and your partner are safe. The first step for a sexually active person that would like to protect him or herself from obtaining HIV or AIDS disease is to learn about the disease in more detail. Knowing how the disease is spread and the symptoms could

HAPATO - HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto

1164 words - 5 pages Introduction HAPATO, HIV/AIDS Preventive Agency of Toronto is a non-profit organization that develops programs and brings awareness to the public about HIV/AIDs. A 25-member panel of expert consultants are working with Health Canada to develop Stop HIV Now, a campaign designed to bring awareness to the increasing number of Canadians diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. We are focusing on raising awareness among all Canadians and reducing the risk of

Anaylsis of HIV & AIDS in West Africa

1063 words - 4 pages AIDS first became widely recognized throughout the world almost twenty years ago when, in 1984, a 12 year old boy named Ryan White was officially diagnosed with the virus in Indianapolis after receiving a blood transfusion. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) have since spread rapidly to other countries all over the world, with the continent of Africa having been affected the worst. HIV/AIDS has been

The Controversy Over HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law

1331 words - 5 pages who were HIV positive. Seventy-five percent of them told their partner, while fifteen point six percent did not mention that they were infected by the HIV virus. The participants in the study who decided not to disclose the information were asked to explain their reasoning. Some answers for not disclosing the information included the fear that it would threaten a serious relationship HIV/AIDS Disclosure Law 3 and they didn’t want to be treated

Symptoms and Description of HIV/AIDS

764 words - 3 pages quite easily. It is known that AIDS is contracted by having Human Immunodeficiency virus, HIV. AIDS first showed up in the United States in 1970s. In 1982, the Centers for Disease Control recognized AIDS as a disease. No one is sure who discovered the disease because both researchers at the Pasteur Institute in France and the National Cancer Institute in the United States each claimed to have discovered it. The origin of AIDS has been

Similar Essays

The Stigma Of Hiv/Aids Essay

3345 words - 14 pages /AIDS stigma and Psychological Well- Being of People with HIV/AIDS (2012), researchers believed “understanding the experiences of living with HIV/AIDS that may contribute to these negative psychological out comes can help to improve the quality of life of people with HIV/AIDS” (p.124). The methology this study used was Self- Report Measure, HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale, and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The amount of participants was 203 people diagnosed

The Impact Of Hiv/Aids Essay

1189 words - 5 pages lives of many, many more. The AIDS pandemic has been and still is most severe in third-world countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It has impacted the economies of entire nations by crippling and killing individuals in the most productive years of their lives (“HIV/AIDS”). AIDS greatly influences the government sector, agricultural sector, private corporations, and individual households. Among those impacts, the impact on households is the most

The Spreading Of Hiv/Aids Essay

803 words - 4 pages they are famous for their slogan for ‘freedom’. However, many problems have also arose together with this influence as there are people who misinterpreted and misused the meaning of freedom. One of the problem rose from this is the outbreak of widespread diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This disease have developed into an international issue as it has been spreading rapidly throughout the world. The government are having difficulties to maintain the

Hiv And The Condition Of Aids

1559 words - 6 pages Introduction HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in