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Hiv/Aids Research Paper

749 words - 3 pages

In the United States, there are about 800,000 to 900,000 people who are HIV-positive. Over 300,000 people are living with AIDS. Each year, there are about 40,000 new infections. In the mid-1990s, AIDS was a leading cause of death. However, newer treatments have cut the AIDS death rate significantly. In addition, in the early 1990's, AIDS was mostly only infecting homosexual men. Now, it has spread to men and women of all ages and sexualities. Homosexual men are at the highest risk for HIV/AIDS. Today, more than half of all new infections strike people under the age of 25. Girls are hit harder and younger than boys are. Infant and child death rates have risen sharply, and 14 million children are now orphans because of the disease.Hence the rumors, you cannot get HIV/AIDS from mosquito bites, coughing, sneezing, sharing household items, or swimming in the same pool as someone infected with HIV. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is not spread easily. If HIV-infected blood or sexual fluid gets inside your body, you can get infected. This can happen through an open sore or wound, during sexual activity, or if you share equipment to inject drugs. However, it is not yet proven that you can get infected from sweat, saliva, or tears. HIV can also be spread from a mother to her child during pregnancy or delivery; this is called "vertical transmission." In addition, a nursing mother can transmit the virus to her baby by her breast milk. If you are a drug user, you must be careful. The HIV virus is spread through the sharing of blood with an infected person. If you use drugs, you can prevent infection by not injecting them. If you do inject, do not share equipment. If you must share, clean equipment with bl!each and water before every use, because even the smallest amounts of blood can infect you.You might not know if you are infected with HIV. Some people get fever, headache, sore muscles and joints, stomach ache, swollen lymph glands, or skin rash for one or two weeks. Most people think it is the flu, some have no symptoms. There is an "incubation period" in which you could have the disease,...

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