Hiv Among African Americans Essay

1119 words - 5 pages

According to the CDC, about 18 % of those infected with HIV in the United States are unaware of their infection. An estimate of 1,000 young people ages 13 to 24 are newly infected with HIV each month. HIV is transmitted through bodily fluids such as semen, blood, breast milk, and vaginal fluids. These fluids can come in contact between people in a variety of ways, including having unprotected sex (oral, vaginal, or anal); HIV can also be passed from mother to child during childbirth. Mother to child transmission is now rare in the US and other developed countries because pregnant women who are HIV-positive are normally given medications to prevent the fetus from getting infected. However, it is possible for an HIV-infected mother to pass the virus directly before or during birth, or through breast milk. People do not get HIV through insect bites, casual contact such as hugging, shaking hands, sharing utensils or living with someone who has HIV. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the immune system. The immune system protects the body from germs that cause infections and make people sick. If HIV invades the immune system, over time, it lowers the number of healthy immune cells (CD4 cells) that aid to fight infections. Referring to U.S. Health and Department of Human Service, although African Americans are only 13% of the U.S. population, they account for 44% of HIV infection cases in 2010.(insert page number) . African Americans HIV and Aids -related rates more than any other racial/ethnic group in the U.S. These epidemiological data focus point a critical need to develop an effective awareness LET EVRYEONE KNOE , reduction(getting treatment for those infected), prevention USING CONDOMS strategy to this race.

According to The Henry J. Kaiser Family foundation, HIV was the 4th leading cause of death for both Black men and Black women, ages 25-44, in 2009, African Americans are less likely to talk to their children about diseases from the lack of knowledge, and the fear of sexual activites that are able to prevail. African Americans should teach him or her about safer sex, so that the child's risk of HIV infection is lower when he or she does decide to have sex. They shouldn’t wait too long to explain this to children. Acording to Valerie Jarett As many as 22% of African-Americans with HIV do not know that they have the virus. Of new infections among youth,60% are among black youth, and over half of all HIV positive youth were unaware of their infection. It is a parent's job to teach kids how to protect themselves from HIV. You may think your child is not at risk. But according to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) U.S. high school students surveyed in 2011,47.4% had ever had sexual intercourse 33.7% had had sexual intercourse during the previous 3 months, and, of these 39.8% did not use a condom the last time they had sex76.7% did not use birth control pills or Depo-Provera to prevent...

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